How to grow kiwi from bone at home

Fans of exotic plants try to grow something unusual in their windowsill. Often you can meet in apartments lemon, orange, mandarin, grenades.

Let's try to tame a beautiful, thermo-loving kiwi.

How to grow kiwi from bone at home

No need for special costs in order to grow beautiful Lian at home. You can decorate the vine Kiwi wall in the house or balcony.

For landing you need to choose the bones of one or two ripe fruits. Since it will germinate only a few.

Kiwi bones are very small, so spread them on the napkin and hold 2 - 3 days in a warm place.

How to grow kiwi from bone at home

Then you need to lower them into a glass with water temperature. About 3 days too.

Prepare the ground for landing. The mixture should be light, not acidic. On the bottom of the pot, in which put your bones, pour drainage. Then the soil, also room temperature.

Put the seeds and sprinkle with a thin layer of an earthen mixture. So that when watering the bones do not wash and do not float to the surface, it is better to neatly spray, and not pour water into the pot.

Cover the film from above and put in the warm place.

Do not forget that Kiwi is a very thermal-loving plant. He does not need drafts.

Shoots will appear not earlier than in 10-15 days. As soon as sprouts appeared, remove the film.

How to grow kiwi from bone at home

Put a pot with a plant on a sunny place. Watering is needed moderate, better than melting water. Do not forget sometimes spray. From time to time, loose the soil around the sprouts, but carefully, it is important not to damage the roots. When your pet is strengthened and grow up, you can transplanted into a big pot.

The plant should always get a lot of sunlight and constant warmth. For a full-fledged feeder, it is better to use biohumus or compost. But to feed rarely, just once a year. Kiwi - Aktinidia. Grows quickly. You can begin to form a bush when it reaches 50 - 70 centimeters.

How to grow kiwi from bone at home

When the cold will retreat, the faster Lian can be transplanted into the garden. The plant requires heat and humidity. With proper care after 3-4 years, the seedlings will begin to be fruit.

How to grow kiwi from bone at home

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China is considered to be China, which is why sometimes it is called a Chinese gooseberry. In nature, this liana reaches seven meters long and grows in subtropics, but this does not mean that it will not work out to grow it at home and contain as a room plant. Yes, you will need to make efforts and carefully care for the plant, but there is a possibility that even at home you will be able to achieve flowering and fruiting. Next, we will talk about such a process as kiwi growing from seeds at home.

Growing kiwi from seeds: preparation for landing

Kiwi growing

If you wanted to grow at home something exotic, then the cultivation of kiwi from seeds is just wonderful for the experiment. The process is not very complex, but long-term and requiring attention to detail. You can pose a search for seeds in garden and flower stores (then you need to look for no kiwi, but actinidia), but it is much easier to use the fruits purchased in the near supermarket as a landing material. The name of the variety in this case will remain a mystery (it is unlikely that the supermarket personnel will have this information), but it does not matter. And it is important to choose the most ripe fruit that is not damaged and did not begin to deteriorate. Chose? Now it is necessary to carefully and carefully clean the Kiwi seeds for growing from the pulp, since its remnants can lead to undesirable consequences (rotting, mold). This can be done in two ways.

  • Clean the fetus from the peel, break it with your hands or a cutlery and fill with the resulting cleaner with water. Periodically mix it all, change water, and collect pop-up seeds.
  • Cut kiwi into pieces and gently separate the branches from the pulp. Wrap them into the gauze and rinse in running water until we wash all the remnants of the pulp. Instead of gauze, you can use the finest stray, and the water should be warm.

After you were ringed Kiwi seeds for cultivation, spread them to dry for a few hours on the fabric. For landing, you will need 20-30 seeds, because not all of them can climb. Next, when the seeds are dried, proceed to the stratification process. Mix dry seeds with moisturized river sand, wrap it all in a cotton fabric and for a couple of months, send it to the fridge to the bundle for vegetables. Once a week, Kiwi seeds for cultivation should be deployed for 15 minutes to venture and, if necessary, additionally moisten the sand. After the end of the stratification, the seeds must be improved immediately, they will not be able to store them. But before landing, to speed up the process, the seeds germinate. A cotton fabric (or a cotton disc) is neatly decaying the seeds with warm water (or a cotton disk) (at a distance, so that the roots do not intersect during the germination), cover with glass or package and put in a light and warm place. For the night, the shelter is removed for venting, and in the afternoon, return to the place, make sure that the fabric remains wet. The grains should start germinate in about a week and a half. The most successful time for planting Kiwi is the beginning of spring. So, you should start the stratification immediately after the New Year holidays, in the first days of January.

Growing kiwi from seeds at home: landing

Kiwi conditions growing

Preparing for landing, first of all it is necessary to think about the ground. For the cultivation of kiwi from the seed at home is the finished soil for Lian, as well as for citrus trees. But if you wish, you can prepare the ground yourself. For this, in equal parts it is necessary to mix peat, sand, humid and turf. Kiwi's root system is vulnerable, so it is necessary to carefully drain the soil, spilling it with a solution of manganese, and then steaming or leaning in the oven. Capacity (not high, about 12 cm), in which you will plant seeds, also treat by manganese. At the bottom of the ceramzite, the drainage layer should be at least 2 cm, then pour the prepared soil and pour it (it is better to do it with spraying). And then tweezers or with the help of toothpicks evenly decompose sprouted seeds on the surface of the soil and sprinkle with a layer of land (literally 3-4 mm), but not tamper. Spray again, cover the film and put the resulting "greenhouse" into a bright and warm place. Do not allow the earth to dry, check and wipe the condensate from the film. Shoots should seem after 10 days, perhaps in two weeks. Increase the ventilation, and when small kiwi will grow to one and a half centimeters - remove the film finally.

Picking seedlings

Kiwi growing at home

A month later, shoots will grow approximately 8 cm, they will have 2-3 real leaves, which means it is time to sort out of the individual "apartments". The root system of Kiwi is developing very quickly, and if it is not possible to dissipate young plants on time, then there is probability to damage them, as the roots will grow and be confused. Prepare pots (no more than 10 cm in diameter), wash them and treat by manganese. Further, as usual: necessarily drainage, soil (you can take a smaller peat, but more soda land), and carefully removing from a total capacity, one by one transplant plants. Do not forget that Kiwi is a liana, so you can immediately put supports, so that in the future it is not damaged to the roots when installing. First 2-3 weeks after picking, protect the seedlings from the straight rays of the sun, and when they adapt to a new place, you can put them on the windowsill. If the day day will not reach this time

10-12 hours, then it is possible to increase it with the help of phytolamba. When the seedlings are still growing, and they will have seven or eight real leaves, then we need to transplanses them again, this time already permanently residence in a spacious pot.

Kiwi cultivation at home from seeds: care

Growing kiwi from seeds

Prior to this stage, all experimenters usually reach without problems, and then the difficulties begin and many flower plants are dying. Very often the cause of death lies in the drying of the Earth and in the excessive dry air indoors. As we talked at the beginning, it is a tropical liana, which means the humidity of the soil and air for it is extremely important. Put the water container next to the plant, evaporating, it will moisten the air. Water regularly, but do not forget that the balance is important in everything - the overalling of the Earth leads to the development of diseases and rotting the root system. In the spring, during the growing season, 2-3 times adopt the plant with organic fertilizers. If in the summer you take a kiwi to the balcony, be sure to put it back for the night, as in the event of a temperature drop, the plant may get sick. It also does not tolerate drafts. Take care of kiwi from cats! For some inexplicable reason, they with appetite brushes the leaves, and if they get, the roots of the plant. With proper care, you may be lucky and for 3-4 years the plant will bloom.

It is important to know that there are male and female plants, so for the preparation of fruits you must have at least two lyans for cross-pollination. Yes, the cultivation of kiwi from seeds at home is exotic, and perhaps reading this material, you will temper: will you get? Do not worry, be sure to work! Correctly prepare Kiwi seeds for growing at home, create plants a comfortable environment and sooner or later you will definitely try kiwi fruits from your windowsill.

Kiwi from seeds on the windowsill

Author: Natalia. Category: Houseplants Published: Recent Edits:

Growing kiwi on the windowKiwi is an exotic plant that gives delicious fruits with a unique source-sweet taste. But not everyone knows that it can be easily grown from a bone at home, and we will give you a detailed instruction, how to do it. Buck the seeds for the extension is optional, it is enough to buy a ripe and healthy fruit.

Sowing seed kiwi

Prepaiming seed preparation

Before sowing, Kiwi seeds need to be germinated. It is best to sow in the spring. Check in the store or on the market well-ridden fruit without signs of damage or rotting, thoroughly wash it and divide it with a knife into several rally. Then remove the pulp with seeds, get it well, put it up, put into deep dishes and pour with clean water. Through the time when Kiwi's flesh risks, gently separate the seeds from it: the rided seeds should float on the surface. Put them on a paper napkin, let me dry, then place on the saucer, cover the moistened gauze, and on top of the gauze - film. Two weeks on seeds will appear tiny white sprouts.

Seeds kiwiIn the photo: Seeds Kiwi

Rules sowing seed kiwi

Take a low pot or container and put on its bottom of the drainage layer - for this, the ceramzite is perfect. Then fill the container pre-disinfected soil - it can be a ready-made soil for seedlings or a personally prepared substrate from equal parts of peat and sand. Sprouted Kiwi seeds are plugged into a wet substrate by no more than 0.5 cm.

Be careful, make sure that the sprouts do not fall off from seeds: the seed without a sprout will not give!

After sowing, the substrate is sprayed with clean water, and the container is covered with film or glass and placed in a warm, bright place. As soon as the first shoots are shrinking, sowing abundantly, the coating is cleaned, and the weakest shoots are pulling. After each kiwi is formed on a pair of real leaves, the seedlings are picking on a small individual pot. Only the strongest and well-developed seedlings need to transplant.

Seeders kiwiIn the photo: Kiwi seedlings

Care for young seedlings

Water shoots regularly, but moderately. Remember that for such a plant, like kiwi, the same is equally harmful both to the substrate and the convergence that can cause stagnation of fluid in the roots. In winter, the substrate is moisturized no more than two weeks, and during the growing season, watering is carried out on average 1 time in two days. In sultry summer days or when heating devices work in the room at full power, it is recommended to systematically spray plants from the sprayer.

Kiwi light and thermal lodge, so grow it best on the southern orientation windowsill. When the content on the Western or Eastern windowsill, the plant may need additional artificial lighting.

In order to get a rich crop of fruits in the future, Kiwi seedlings are needed in a timely manner with a compost. If you contain a plant in suitable conditions and carefully take care of it, then for the fourth year it can give fruit.

Growing kiwi on the windowIn the photo: Kiwi growing on the street

Kiwi care features in room conditions

Choosing a substrate

Adult Kiwi grows very well in the soil consisting of equal parts of the chernozem, peat and sand. Remember that the substrate in the pot must be a little wet all the time, but in no case is not wet. It is necessary to approach the soil before landing, and then mix a small amount of chopped egg shell or a handful of wood ash.

Soil for kiwiIn the photo: Ground preparation

Light

It has already been said that Kiwi needs a lot of light, and it is better to grown on the southern windowsill. However, in the summer, from noon and before the evening, the plant requires protection against direct sunlight leaving burns on the leaves. For shading is quite a thin curtain or ordinary gauze.

How to grow lemon from a bone - tips from personal experience

Blooming and fruiting

With proper care, Kiwi may first bloide for the fourth year of growth. Flowers have a large plant, white, but over time they acquire a yellowish tint. On one bush can only be men's (with many stamens) or only female (and with pestles, and with stamens) flowers.

If your kiwi turned out to be male, then to increase the yield, it is recommended to instill a branch of a female plant.

Fertilizer for kiwi

Feed Kiwi during active growth regularly - 2-3 times a month. As fertilizer, both mineral complexes and organic compositions are suitable. But it is best to use biohumus: a deepening is made around the bush, dry fertilizer is placed in it, after which the grooves close up. In the future, every time after irrigation, the plant will receive beneficial substances released from humus.

Fruiting kiwiIn the photo: Fruiting kiwi

Watering and humidity

Pour kiwi abundantly. After each moisture, the extra liquid, glass in the pallet, must be poured. In hot days, the foliage should be sprayed from the sprayer. In the cold season, the bush watered 1 time in 2 weeks.

We grind a pomegranate on the window - detailed instructions

Trimming

Cropped adult kiwi in the fall: the old stems and branches are removed from the bush, which in the current season have already gave fruit. Thanks to the autumn pruning, the growth of young shoots in the spring will begin more active, and the yield of the plant will increase significantly.

Diseases and pests Kiwi

Kiwi is very high resistant to both diseases and pests, however, as a result of incorrect care, fungal infections may affect it, and sometimes pests can be moved to Kiwi from other indoor plants. Watch out for the condition of the bush and at the very first signs of the defeat, find out the reason for malaise. If the case is in insects, treat the kiwi with a solution of the corresponding insecticide, and if the problem is in the fungal disease, spray the plant with a solution of fungicide.

Plant protection productsIn the photo: Plant protection products

This is how the bones acquired in the Kiwi store can be raised spectacular and fruiting even at home, if we provide suitable conditions for growth and carefully care for it.

Click to start video

Literature

  1. Read on the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Aktinidia
  3. List of all kinds on THE PLANT LIST.
  4. Additional Information on WORLD FLORA ONLINE
  5. Information pro Houseplants

Sections: Houseplants Exotic Fruits Aktinidia

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How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoKiwi is one of the most popular exotic fruits that can be found on the shelves of almost all stores. If you like these green shaggy fruits, we have good news for you: Kiwi can be raised at home. In our article we will tell how to do this using only fruit seeds.

Kiwi cultivation requirements at home

In order for the plant to be achieved and developed, and also gave a crop, it is important to comply with certain requirements:

  • Kiwi loves light and warmth, so the pot should be placed on the windowsill on the sunny side;
  • make sure that it is protected from drafts;
  • The plant loves moisture, so it is recommended to spend it daily;
  • Make sure that the soil is also moistened, but it is not worth the sprout.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Important! For the cultivation of Kiwi, it is worth choosing a spacious room, as Liana will quickly grow up and it can be closely, and the date of the appearance of the crop can be shifted indefinitely.

Remember that Kiwi is an exotic fruit, and for its normal development it is necessary to create the most approximate conditions for natural.

Growing process

The process of growing includes several stages, each of which is important and can affect the yield of the plant.

Preparation of seeds for landing

To extract seeds from a fruit, you need to choose fresh kiwi, which ridicked well.

The process includes the following steps:

  • The pulp of the fetus needs to be used with a fork;
  • Move the resulting pitch to a gauze bag, which is pre-folded in 2-3 layers;
  • rinse the bag until the pulp fully fails;
  • Seeds that stayed in Marle must be removed and put on a paper sheet; The sheet is left at room temperature so that the seeds are driving, the direct sun rays fall on them.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

After extracting seeds, they begin to stratification. For this, the planting material must be mixed with sand, put in the closing container and leave in the refrigerator in the compartment for vegetables for 2-3 months.

Throughout this period, it is important to ensure that the sand is always wet, it is worth a container from time to time. After the "artificial winter" is completed, planting material can be used for sowing events.

Before heating seeds, you need to germinate them. On the scenes you need to lay out a cotton disk that is pre-wetted with hot water. The seeds decay the seeds with a uniform layer.

In order for seeds to sprinkle, greenhouse conditions should be created.

It is necessary to cover the plate with polyethylene, and at night it needs to be removed, and in the morning to wear again, pouring a little water onto your cotton.

After about 2 weeks, the seeds will germinate - it speaks of their readiness for landing in the ground. How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Preparation of soil

For planting seeds it is worth choosing a medium-sized pots. Ideal for kiwi fit light fertile soil having low acidity. Soil can be purchased in specialized stores or prepare on their own.

To do this, in the same proportions you need to mix humid, sand, peat, leaf and turf. Before you begin to disembark, the mixture must be thermal processing.

Locking germinated seeds in the ground

The planning process includes the following steps:

  1. The drainage layer is placed on the bottom.
  2. From above drainage poured the prepared soil mixture.
  3. In the soil they make wells, the depth of which is no more than 5 mm.
  4. The planting material is laying out in the wells, fall asleep with a thin layer of soil and slightly moisturize.
  5. The pot or container is covered with a polyethylene film, placed in warm and bright room.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Every day the shelter needs to be removed and carrying out the landings, watering them.

Kiwi care subtleties

After 4 weeks, several leaves will appear on the sprout. It is during this period that a dive is conducted - seeding seedlings into separate small pots. Kiwi is characterized by a very delicate surface root system, so it is worth it to take a gential seedlings from a common container.

If the roots are damaged, the plant may die.

When kiwi is produced in pots, it is very important to add a little compost to the prepared soil mixture. Next, the feed must be held, starting from March and until September every 2 weeks. How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoMineral fertilizers are ideal for this.

Kiwi is a moisture-loving plant, and it is very important to prevent the soil drying.

It should always be wet, but overflows can lead to the root rot. Choose pots that have drainage holes so that excess water leaves the soil.

Be sure to make sure that the water is not stored in the pallet. In the hot period, it is recommended to spray the plant daily.

To obtain a harvest, in addition to ensuring proper levels of illumination, regular moistening and correct feeding, other events must be carried out.

No matter how to make reliably. They are needed so that Liana could climb up. To improve branching, it is necessary to regularly comprise plants. How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Do not forget that to obtain a crop it is necessary to perform cross-pollination of male and female flowerfish. Subject to its conduct, the first fruits can be assembled after 6-7 years after plant landing.

Vegetative reproduction of kiwi

In addition to growing kiwi from seeds, there are other methods of reproduction. Consider them in more detail.

In the split, hard cutlets

To use this method, we will need hardened cuttings, which contain no less than 3 kidneys. It is necessarily cut by the defects of the lower edge under the bottom of the lower renings, and above the top it is worth leave the distance of 1 cm.

Important! In autumn and winter periods, the moisturizing of the soil should be carried out only under the condition of the complete drying of the surface layer, otherwise the root system may occur.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

After that, the landing material must be placed in water and add a growth stimulator to it (you can use the drug "Kornin"). In the water container, the plant should stay at least 12 hours.

Then you need to prepare seedlings, on the bottom, decompose the drainage layer, from above - the prepared mixture, which includes peat and sand in the same parts.

It is then carried out with cuttings in the tank, they perform their moisturizing, top with the jar of glass and leave in a dark place with good lighting.

Every day you need to shoot the bank and spend the spraying of seedlings, and, if necessary, watering them. After 3-4 weeks, the seedlings should appear the root system. From this point on, it is possible to land in separate pots with a drainage layer and specially prepared soil.

In split green cutlets

To embody this method, it is worth using green cuttings, the billet of which is produced during summer trimming. There must be 2-3 kidneys on them. How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

The lower cut is carried out at an angle of 45 degrees, and the top should be performed on 1 cm above the upper kidney, smoothly. Then the cuttings must be placed in water tank (4-5 cm), cover with paper and leave for 24 hours.

Oculiration

The easiest way to emphasize (vaccination) is the oulication in the butt, as it can be performed in spring, and in summer, provided that the air temperature is higher than +10 ° C. First of all, it is necessary to choose a plant-dive. Below the region of the eyepiece is 40 cm, you must remove all the leaves and shoots.

From the lead you should cut off only a few fresh shoots, and it is important that the kidneys will have already been. On the output at an angle of 45 degrees, it is necessary to make a slice, the length of which is 6-7 mm, after which the second slice is 3 mm above. How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

It needs to lead down in such a way that it connects to the first. On the cutting of the platter it is worth conducting the same procedure, only the kidney must be located in the middle of the shield. A shield with a kidney should be placed in a slice on the bottom and wrap using a polyethylene ribbon.

Why the plant dies

To the main reasons of the death of the plant belong:

  • insufficient moisturizing or oversupply of watering;
  • bad light;
  • lack of useful elements in the ground;
  • Plant damage to fungal diseases and pests.

The most common diseases include:

  • shield;
  • TRU;
  • Cobbled tick.
  • carry out the removal of all the affected foliage and sections of the stem;
  • get a plant from the tank, flushing the root system and delete it off parts;
  • perform a kiwi transplant into clean soil;
  • Perform a spraying of the plant and watering the soil by fungicidal solution.

When the pests appear on Kiwi:

  • Pruning faded and dried leaves;
  • It is washed with all parts of a solution of economic soap;
  • A spraying with a special infusion is carried out, which contains garlic, onions, tobacco or wormwood;
  • In the absence of effectiveness from spraying with infusion, they are resorted to the use of insecticides.

Kiwi cultivation at home is a very long process, and if you have set yourself a goal to get a harvest, you will have to spend a considerable amount of time. But you can boast on your own exotic fruit.

Network User Reviews

Seed seeds, after 2-3 years, seedlings grow into a strong liano, the thickness of the "twig" at 0.5-0.8 cm. Takes by a varietal cutlets of male or female, and put on the "dichka" by the "in the butt" method, or is hijacked by the kidney. And Kiwi grows many, many years. I already wrote that this is a very powerful liana and for open soil in subtropics. Or for very large greenhouses.

Maya Kiwi grows on the site for 4 years already. I will be surprised how she survives. Increased her from the seed. I think about what a crop I do not dream of course. For the winter, all last year's shoots frozen, but by the beginning of June she comes to life and over the summer produces several powerful unusually beautiful lian, fluffy, purple.

And by the fall, all the leaves become the same purple. It seemed to me that Kiwi did not survive the harsh winter, I wanted to reconcile in June, and she was crying (and I am with her). Summed out again in place, all summer has worked in August It came to life, but wait no longer has time in all its glory.

For the winter, I fold it with dry moss, covering the burlap and on top of the facility, to better notice the snow.

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Kiwi: Growing at home - details information!

Almost all the flowerflowers seeking to improve their own skills, one day decide to grow fruitful cultures - such, for example, as citrus, coffee or lianas. And many are interested, whether it is possible to grow kiwi at home. In fact, this is quite possible, but in the process it is necessary to comply with certain requirements.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

How kiwi appeared: an interesting fact

Kiwi is a representative of the fruitful Lian, also known as the Chinese gooseberry.

And so that this culture began to give the fruit, you need to simultaneously grow two varieties of plants - men's (required for pollination) and female.

If you plan to grow seeds, then prepare for what you have to wait for the flowering period, since it is then you can determine the floor of the Liana. In most cases, Kiwi blooms on the sixth year of life.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Grow kiwi at home

Basic requirements for cultivation

So, the process of growing is easy, but you have to show accuracy, care and patience.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

How kiwi grown

You can grow kiwi:

  • cuttings;
  • seeds;
  • Putting kidney roots.

All methods have their own nuances, the advantages and disadvantages with which we will find a little later. However, there are a number of general rules that concern Kiwi breeding.

Kiwi is a distant relative of grapes, in connection with which similar technology of cultivation is used here.

Described by the culture of heat and light sounds, so it needs to be located on a well-lit place (preferably without drafts).

It should be remembered that the straight rays of the sun can lead to foliage burns, therefore, the light should fall on the side. Another best option is artificial lighting directed vertically.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Kiwi from seeds

In the process of developing the pots, it should be periodically scrolled clockwise (every two weeks 10-15 °). It will provide plants a direct silhouette, and the crown will be thick and uniform.

Note! There are a lot of varieties of Kiwi, but what is characteristic, almost all of them are suitable for the cultivation of the house.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Varieties of kiwi

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Yellow kiwi

It should also be remembered that kiwi is a downtime culture, and therefore for normal fruiting, one male and at least two or three female plants are required. If Kiwi is grown out of seeds, then approximately 80 percent of the seedlings are male, so they should be as much as possible.

Now consider the workflow directly.

Kiwi - Growing at home

It is better to start growing kiwi in early spring, since then there is the highest germination of seeds. This is a very important point, so do not tighten with sowing. Because of the fact that Kiwi is growing in regions with long and warm summer, so the conditions for the plant must be as comfortable as possible.

Traditionally, the process begins with the preparation of everything necessary.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

If you really want to grow kiwi at home, make sure you have enough free space

The first stage. We prepare everything you need

For the cultivation of Liana, you must prepare:

  • one ripe kiwi fruit;
  • neutral or weakly acidic soil intended for citrus crops (you can purchase in any specialized store); How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoSoil for citrus fruits
  • Carefully purified river sand;
  • Mini-greenhouse (instead you can use PET Film); How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoMini greenhouse
  • Small-phrastructive ceramzite - it will be used for drainage.

The "shopping" soil can be replaced by the cooked personally soil consisting of peat, sand and chernozem (in equal proportions). By the way, when you dive shoots in the pots, this soil will also fit well, that's just the peat in it should be less.

Stage second. Prepare seeds

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Cut out the fruit

Take a ripe fruit and cut it in half. One part can eat, and from another remove about 20 grains.

Clean the grains from the pulp (otherwise they will imperide in the ground), but do it carefully, do not damage the shell.

To simplify the procedure, you can throw seeds into the water, mix them well and leave for some time to defend. Repeat the procedure two or three times - it minimizes the risk that the seeds will imperide.

After that, place the seeds on the napkin and dry for four hours.

Collection of kiwi seeds

Stage Third. We germinate seeds

Step one. Place a piece of watts and boiling water in the saucer. Waters should be so much that the wool is soaked with it, but the saucer should not be poured.

Step second. Cover the saucer of a piece of film and place the most illuminated place of your home.

Step Three. Each evening, remove the film, and return the next morning, topping a small amount of water (Vata must be wet all the time).

Magnify seeds

Step fourth. About a week later, when the first sprouts appear (in the form of thin white roots), you must land seeds into the soil.

Seeding

Stage fourth. Transplant seeds to the soil

As for the soil, it should be as indicated in one of the preceding paragraphs. Pulling it off in the prepared containers or pots (the bottom should be pre-covered with a claydine drainage layer) and do small wells on the surface (the depth should not exceed one centimeter). Place the seeds in the wells, plucked the soil slightly, but do not tamper.

Cover the tank or glass and place in a warm place. As an option - you can put them in a mini-greenhouse. In the future, every day water the land. She should not disappear, otherwise the sprouts simply die. When watering can use a spray gun, and you can place pots in the pallet and pour water there.

Kiwi shoots grown from seeds

Note! When the first shoots are formed, proceed to a teaching to fresh air. To do this, take a glass / film daily, with time increasing the period of ventilation.

Stage fifth. Making a dive

About four weeks after planting seeds, when there are several real sheets on shooting, perform a pickup, i.e., reoperate plants into individual pots.

The soil at this stage, as noted earlier, should contain a smaller number of peat, while the turf soil can be used more.

In this case, it is extremely gently, because the root system of Lian is extremely gentle and is located on the surface, which means it is easy to damage.

Kiwi after dive

Why do you need a transplant? The fact is that this plant has quite wide leaves, which, as they develop each other.

Sprouts with large leaves

How to grow kiwi at home

Stage Sixth. Further care

To provide conditions as close to natural as possible, you must adhere to a number of rules. Consider these rules in more detail.

Growing kiwi from seeds

Table. Key requirements

Maintenance description
Humidity The Earth, as we have already found out, should not dispel, so take care of uniform irrigation. It is preferable to use a spray gun, and not a watering can - the entire surface of the soil will be moistened, and the plants will not harm. It is also desirable to calculate the number of sprinkler pressing so that every time the volume of the injected moisture was the same.
Supptification The upper part of the Liana is pinned from time to time - it will stimulate the formation of side processes, and the plant itself will turn out to be stronger.
Lighting Kiwi needs a long lighting day, and therefore, if possible, place the containers on the windowsill on the south side. If this is not enough, extend the lighting time artificially through a luminescent lamp. In winter, the lighting should be placed horizontally.
Podcaming Use organic fertilizer - compost or biohumus. Make it every year, pre-pouring a small trench around each plant. In this case, when watering, the feeding will gradually go to the root system, thanks to which Liana will grow healthy.

Note! In the summer, additionally make mineral fertilizer of complex type. Do it about once every seven or ten days.

Features of vegetative breeding kiwi

Saplings of this culture are grown by the same technology as described above. The only difference is that seeding should be made in January. Two years later, the sapling, which by that time will grow and grow strengthened, is given by Kiwi of one or another variety.

Kiwi saplings

Saplings before landing in the soil

Vaccination can be made in the same ways that are used for other plants; In particular, this is:

  • budding;
  • split with green cutlets;
  • A similar process, but already with a weighted stalk.

Then Liana can be planted in the open soil. If Kiwi is grown in the room, as in our case, you should take care of the capacity of sufficient depth (the roots should have a lot of space for further growth).

You can also raise seedlings from rooted cuttings. The disadvantage of this method is considered to be a low germination at room growing - plants or a little, or not at all.

As for further care, it is the same as in the cultivation of seeds.

When the stalk / seedlock enters the period of active growth, it will not be afraid of a low temperature and can easily adapt to any conditions.

Shed in the soil Kiwi Shed

How to get a big harvest?

Liana needs to be properly placed. She needs a lot of space, so better grow it on a warmed balcony. Also organize a backup on which the plant will rise, or make a beautiful and original balcony framing. The length of one Liana, by the way, can reach seven meters.

Kiwi on loggia

Note! To obtain fruits, take care of pollination. In natural conditions, insects are engaged in this, in our case you have to do everything with your own hands.

If male lien is too much, you can instill "eyes" with female, which will make the fruit. Ideally, a five or six female falls on a male plant, and if the proportions are wrong, then better perform vaccination. Surrive "eyes" well, thanks to which the crop will noticeably increase.

Video - Kiwi vaccination

Also periodically examine the leaves of Kiwi, and at once for two reasons.

  1. This will allow you to detect fungus and clean the leaves.
  2. Liana can "get infected" by various pests from neighboring plants, so in addition to inspection, try to place Kiwi as far as possible from them.

With the onset of autumn, cut old shoots: those branches that are already fruitful, it is recommended to remove. So the place will be liberated for new shoots, and the Liana itself will not come and will be fruitful for many years.

Vintage kiwi

If Liana grows on the balcony, then winter will have to additionally protect it from frosts. To do this, remove the shoots after the sample and wrap them. When spring comes, they will more intensively give young sprouts.

And in conclusion - another useful advice. For some reason, cats love branches and kiwi foliage, so if such a pet lives you, then take care of the protection of the plants - you can, for example, make it a grid. Otherwise, Kiwi may die.

How to wean a cat walking in colors? You will help conventional toothpicks

Seedlings in a cage

Video - Kiwi growing features

A source: https://svoimi-rykami.ru/ychastok/rasada/kivi-vyrashhivanie-v-domashnix-usloviyax.html

Kiwi from seeds on the windowsill

Natalia March 12, 2019 Category: Houseplants

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Sowing seed kiwi

Prepaiming seed preparation

Before sowing, Kiwi seeds need to be germinated. It is best to sow in the spring. Check in the store or on the market well-ridden fruit without signs of damage or rotting, thoroughly wash it and divide it with a knife into several rally.

Then remove the pulp with seeds, get it well, put it up, put into deep dishes and pour with clean water. Through the time when Kiwi's flesh risks, gently separate the seeds from it: the rided seeds should float on the surface.

Put them on a paper napkin, let me dry, then place on the saucer, cover the moistened gauze, and on top of the gauze - film. Two weeks on seeds will appear tiny white sprouts.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoIn the photo: Seeds Kiwi

Rules sowing seed kiwi

Take a low pot or container and put on its bottom of the drainage layer - for this, the ceramzite is perfect. Then fill the container pre-disinfected soil - it can be a ready-made soil for seedlings or a personally prepared substrate from equal parts of peat and sand. Sprouted Kiwi seeds are plugged into a wet substrate by no more than 0.5 cm.

Be careful, make sure that the sprouts do not fall off from seeds: the seed without a sprout will not give!

After sowing, the substrate is sprayed with clean water, and the container is covered with film or glass and placed in a warm, bright place.

As soon as the first shoots are shrinking, sowing abundantly, the coating is cleaned, and the weakest shoots are pulling.

After each kiwi is formed on a pair of real leaves, the seedlings are picking on a small individual pot. Only the strongest and well-developed seedlings need to transplant.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoIn the photo: Kiwi seedlings

Care for young seedlings Kiwi

Water shoots regularly, but moderately. Remember that for such a plant, like kiwi, the same is equally harmful both to the substrate and the convergence that can cause stagnation of fluid in the roots.

In winter, the substrate is moisturized no more than two weeks, and during the growing season, watering is carried out on average 1 time in two days.

In sultry summer days or when heating devices work in the room at full power, it is recommended to systematically spray plants from the sprayer.

Kiwi light and thermal lodge, so grow it best on the southern orientation windowsill. When the content on the Western or Eastern windowsill, the plant may need additional artificial lighting.

In order to get a rich crop of fruits in the future, Kiwi seedlings are needed in a timely manner with a compost. If you contain a plant in suitable conditions and carefully take care of it, then for the fourth year it can give fruit.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoIn the photo: Kiwi growing on the street

Features of the content and care of kiwi in room conditions

Choosing a Substrate for Kiwi

Adult Kiwi grows very well in the soil consisting of equal parts of the chernozem, peat and sand. Remember that the substrate in the pot must be a little wet all the time, but in no case is not wet. It is necessary to approach the soil before landing, and then mix a small amount of chopped egg shell or a handful of wood ash.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoIn the photo: Ground preparation

Light

It has already been said that Kiwi needs a lot of light, and it is better to grown on the southern windowsill. However, in the summer, from noon and before the evening, the plant requires protection against direct sunlight leaving burns on the leaves. For shading is quite a thin curtain or ordinary gauze.

How to grow lemon from a bone - tips from personal experience

Blossom and fruiting kiwi

With proper care, Kiwi may first bloide for the fourth year of growth. Flowers have a large plant, white, but over time they acquire a yellowish tint. On one bush can only be men's (with many stamens) or only female (and with pestles, and with stamens) flowers.

If your kiwi turned out to be male, then to increase the yield, it is recommended to instill a branch of a female plant.

Fertilizer for kiwi

Feed Kiwi during active growth regularly - 2-3 times a month. As fertilizer, both mineral complexes and organic compositions are suitable.

But it is best to use biohumus: a deepening is made around the bush, dry fertilizer is placed in it, after which the grooves close up.

In the future, every time after irrigation, the plant will receive beneficial substances released from humus.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoIn the photo: Fruiting kiwi

Watering and humidity

Pour kiwi abundantly. After each moisture, the extra liquid, glass in the pallet, must be poured. In hot days, the foliage should be sprayed from the sprayer. In the cold season, the bush watered 1 time in 2 weeks.

We grind a pomegranate on the window - detailed instructions

Cywing trim

Cropped adult kiwi in the fall: the old stems and branches are removed from the bush, which in the current season have already gave fruit. Thanks to the autumn pruning, the growth of young shoots in the spring will begin more active, and the yield of the plant will increase significantly.

Diseases and pests kiwi

Kiwi is very high resistant to both diseases and pests, however, as a result of incorrect care, fungal infections may affect it, and sometimes pests can be moved to Kiwi from other indoor plants.

Watch out for the condition of the bush and at the very first signs of the defeat, find out the reason for malaise.

If the case is in insects, treat the kiwi with a solution of the corresponding insecticide, and if the problem is in the fungal disease, spray the plant with a solution of fungicide.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoIn the photo: Plant protection products

This is how the bones acquired in the Kiwi store can be raised spectacular and fruiting even at home, if we provide suitable conditions for growth and carefully care for it.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo3.8181818181818 1 1 1 1 1 rating 3.82 (11 votes (s)) cypress in home conditions at home

Sections: Houseplants Exotic Fruits Aktinidia

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How to grow kiwi (in Tch at home from seeds, bones, etc.) + video and photos

Once kiwi was rare in our latitudes. Now this delicious and useful fruit can be easily bought in any grocery store or on the market. But how pleasant to grow the tree at home and get a harvest from him! So you can "kill two hares at once": Decorate the room with a wonderful plant and provide your seven exotic fruits.

Basic rules of cultivation

It is not difficult to grow kiwi at home. But this task will require attention from you, accuracy and the ability to wait.

Kiwi can be grown in several ways:

  • from seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • root offspring.

Each of these methods has its own characteristics that we describe in detail. But there are several general rules relating to Kiwi growing.

Kiwi - Liana, relative grapes, which means that it is the same. This plant loves a lot of heat and sunlight. Therefore, he will need a place where a lot of sun and there are no drafts. However, do not forget that the straight sunlight can cause burns on the leaves of the plant.

Better if it will get a light side. It is quite wonderful if you can provide for kiwi artificial vertical lighting. During the growth, turn the pot with a plant clockwise by 10-15 degrees every two weeks.

Thus, Liana will retain a direct silhouette and develop uniformly thick crown.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Kiwi sprouts ready for dive

There are many varieties of Kiwi, and almost all of them are suitable for self-cultivation at home. To kiwi begin to be fruit, you need to plant a female and male plant - it is necessary for pollination. If you breed Kiwi from seeds, you have to wait for flowering to determine the floor of the liana. Usually kiwi begins to bloom for 6 years of life, sometimes - before.

Please note: Kiwi refers to downtown plants. This means that for fruiting you need at least 2-3 women's plants per male. When growing from seeds, 80% of plants are obtained by male, so it is better to grow more seedlings.

The cultivation of kiwi from seeds is a fairly painstaking lesson, it will require much attention from you. We will tell about it in detail.

Growing kiwi from seeds

To raise Lian from seeds, you will need:

  • ripe fruit;
  • river sand, well washed;
  • Small clay, which will provide drainage;
  • mini-greenhouse (can be replaced by polyethylene film;
  • Prepared soil of a weakness or neutral type for citrus or roses (can be purchased in specialized stores).

As a soil for germinating seeds, a mixture of chernozem, peat and sand can be used. When you transplant seedlings in the pots, this mixture will also fit perfectly, but you need to use a smaller number of peat.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Kiwi shoots grown from seeds

Follow the step-by-step instructions to get a quality result.

  1. Think up the fruit of Kiwi to the state of the puree and remove the bone from it. Rinse them thoroughly, mix with moistened river sand.
  2. In order for the seeds well sprout, they need to strategy. Keep dishes with a mixture of sand and seeds within 2 weeks at a temperature of from 10 to 20 degrees, then put in the refrigerator for 2-3 weeks.
  3. At the bottom of the pots for cultivation, put a small ceramzite, put the soil from above. The top layer of the soil is mixed with a mixture of sand and seeds. Moisten to water room temperature.
  4. Pots with seeds put in a mini-greenhouse (you can cover with a film or glass). Install them in a well-lit, warm place. Do not forget to spray and ventilate daily.
  5. As soon as the first shoots appear, start to teach them to fresh air. Each day, remove the cover with a greenhouse for a few minutes, gradually increasing time.
  6. When the second pair of real leaves appears, make a pickup and dissolve plants on separate pots. At the same time, be careful: Kiwi root system is very gentle, is on the surface, it is easy to damage it.

To create conditions close to natural for your plant, you need to adhere to some requirements. Then Kiwi will grow healthy, beautiful, and will be able to bring a good crop.

Kiwi is a moisture-loving plant, it needs regular watering. The soil must constantly be moistened. But it is impossible to overdo: in the pool of stagnant water, the root system of the plant will die. Use the spray gun for watering, it will be easier to measure the required amount of water in order to evenly moisten the soil and leaves.

Kiwi needs not only in a lot of sunlight during the day, but also warm. For him, the windowsill on the south side or a well warmed balcony. If you do not have the ability to provide such conditions, make an artificial backlight using fluorescent lamps.

To vine plants grew strong and healthy, periodically feed it. To do this, you can use compost or biohumus once a year.

Dock a small trench around the grown seedling and laid fertilizer in it, sprinkled from above the soil. After a few irregularities, the nutrients reach the lowest roots.

Do not forget to regularly check the plants for the appearance of fungi and pests.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Provide your plant a good backup for proper growth.

Adult kiwi is a fairly powerful liana, which is well growing. Do not forget about it by choosing a place for a pot with a plant. Over time, you will have to move Kiwi from the window sill where there is more free space. Be sure to make a good, solid backup.

Kiwi got used to the cool wintering, and the leaves can be reset for the winter. Wintering plant should be in a bright place at a temperature of +10 degrees, while it is necessary to water it less often than usual.

Spring plant will give new leaves. During this period, you need to trim, removing patients, weak shoots. Experts recommend transplanting Kiwi every spring.

Provide regular watering, feeding, an abundance of light and warm.

Reproduction of seedlings and cuttings

Kiwi seedlings are grown from seeds in the same way as described above. The only difference is that the seeds need to be soiled in January. Already two years later, you can instinct and grown seedling that you wish you.

Methods of vaccinations are the same as other garden crops:

  • In the split offense with a weird cutlets;
  • in split green cutlets;
  • Okulizing.

After that, you can even plan your kiwi into an open ground. If you plan to contain a plant in room conditions, provide it with a greater deep tank so that the root system has enough space for growth and development.

You can grow seedlings from rooted cuttings. This method of vegetative reproduction is excellent for green and weathered Cywi cuttings. The shortcomings can be attributed to the low percentage of the exit of rooted cuttings: at home they are very few or not happens at all.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photo

Kiwi seedlings include cuttings of any variety

Kiwi cultivation in this way does not require special hassle and no different from the care of a plant grown from seeds.

A seedling or cutter, which was included in the period of active growth, is not afraid of snow and frost, it is easy to adapt, so it can be planted into open ground.

The first years is enough to cover Liana for winter, for example, coniferous branches, if strong frosts are often in your region.

Please note: for some reason, the cats adore the leaves and branches of Kiwi. If your pet lives at home, try to protect the plant from it, for example, by challenging it. Otherwise, Kiwi can die due to constantly broken branches and eaten leaves. Other pests of this plant are practically not dangerous.

Video about kiwi growing at home

As you can see, it is not difficult to grow kiwi on your own. This wonderful unpretentious plant will become a real decoration for your home and garden. Its fruits are not only tasty, but also useful, especially for women's health. If you have questions about the topic of the article, ask them in x. Good luck to you!

A source: https://legkovmeste.ru/ogorod/ekzoticheskij-frukt-u-vas-doma-kak-samostoyatelno-vyrastiit-kivi.html.

Gardening Council, how to grow kiwi from home seeds, photo

Kiwi grown from seeds at home

Kiwi cultivation at home is not simple, but a fairly exciting, interesting process. It costs to note that the Chinese gooseberry (so kiwi is called in the people) refers to downtown plants. That is, to get the crop of fruits, you will need a male and female plant. Blooms Kiwi in 3-4 years after seed germination. Then it will be possible to determine the floor of the culture, so I recommend planting as much seeds as possible - 25-30 pieces.

When to plant, and how to choose kiwi for seeds

Almost all Kiwi varieties grow great and develop in room conditions. But from his experience, I will say that the high-yielding and humidoploid Highward, Abbott, Bruno are suitable for growing a house. Optimal seeding deadlines for highly productive seedlings - from March to May. It is during this period that the highest germination of the bone is observed.

Choosing a Kiwi on the seeds in the store, give preference to a completely ripe fruit. It should be soft, smooth, without explicit defects and mechanical damage.

We get and preparing seeds to sow

On the parish home thoroughly wash the fruit and cut it into two parts. With one half carefully remove the skin. Make the flesh with a plug and send to a glass or a mug with warm water, for defending. After 10-15 minutes, rinse the contents of the glass several times - the flesh will disappear, and the seeds will remain swimming on the surface.

How to get seeds from kiwi

Wash bones remove from water, lay out on paper. Then leave in a dry warm place for 2-4 hours, until complete drying. After this time, wrap the seeds into a wet fabric and place on a saucer. Cover the plate with a film and send one week in a warm place.

Thus, you will create mini-greenhouse for seeding. Throughout this period, wet the tissue regularly, not allowing it to dry. And at night, lift or remove the film from the saucer at all.

A week later, if everything is done according to my recommendations, the seeds will give first sprouts.

We prepare the soil

The next stage of cultivation of kiwi from seeds is to buy landing capacities and soil. The pot is better to take long - it will be easier to care for young plants.

The soil can be prepared independently of peat, humus, sand and turf in equal proportions, or buy in a specialized store, as I did.

In any case, the soil must be displaced - to withstand in a water bath for two hours.

How to grow kiwi from seeds at home, instructions for growing bone + photoSowing Kiwi Seeds in Flower Pots

We produce sowing

Seeding seeds in the following sequence:

  • At the bottom of the pot, pour clairzit, with a layer of 3-4 cm;
  • Fill the tank with the soil and scatter;
  • at a distance of 5 cm Make the pits of the depth 5-10 mm and put in each 3 seed into each 3;
  • Carefully pour the holes to the soil. Plenty of landing with warm water, cover with a film;
  • Put the pot on the window located on the south side. So you provide plants needed for their normal growth and development the amount of light and heat.

Rim up the film every day and spray the soil with water from the spray. If not producing watering, the earth will dry, and the sprouts will die.

Care for seedlings

The first shoots should appear in 3-6 days after seeding. When seedlings form a real leaf, reject weak and unnecessary copies. Continue watering plants twice a week using only dilated water. In winter - during the slowdown in growth, reduce the amount of irrigation to 2-3 per month.

Kiwi growth and development at different stages at home

So that plants have a sufficient area for full development, do not forget to cut forward them. It is better to do in the initial stages when the sprouts can be simply pulled out of the soil. A little later, thinning will be problematic, since Kiwi roots develop very quickly. If such a need arises in the future, just cut the unnecessary plant with scissors.

Once seedlings have been reached in a height of 10-12 cm, sip them into individual containers. If this is not done, the plants will shade each other, and, consequently, to lag in development. A year later, kiwi compost. In the summer, additionally make integrated mineral fertilizers.

Taking advantage of my recommendations and advice, you can easily raise at home a whole plantation of Kiwi, and get a rich harvest of delicious and healthy fruits.

Author, Elena Aleksandrovna Muha, Gardener

A source: https://vsadu.ru/post/sovet-sadovoda-kak-vyrastit-kivi-iz-semyan-doma-foto.html

How to grow kiwi from bone at home

Fans of exotic plants try to grow something unusual in their windowsill. Often you can meet in apartments lemon, orange, mandarin, grenades.

Let's try to tame a beautiful, thermo-loving kiwi.

No need for special costs in order to grow beautiful Lian at home. You can decorate the vine Kiwi wall in the house or balcony.

For landing you need to choose the bones of one or two ripe fruits. Since it will germinate only a few.

Kiwi bones are very small, so spread them on the napkin and hold 2 - 3 days in a warm place.

Then you need to lower them into a glass with water temperature. About 3 days too.

Prepare the ground for landing. The mixture should be light, not acidic. On the bottom of the pot, in which put your bones, pour drainage. Then the soil, also room temperature.

Put the seeds and sprinkle with a thin layer of an earthen mixture. So that when watering the bones do not wash and do not float to the surface, it is better to neatly spray, and not pour water into the pot.

Cover the film from above and put in the warm place.

Do not forget that Kiwi is a very thermal-loving plant. He does not need drafts.

Shoots will appear not earlier than in 10-15 days. As soon as sprouts appeared, remove the film.

Put a pot with a plant on a sunny place. Watering is needed moderate, better than melting water. Do not forget sometimes spray. From time to time, loose the soil around the sprouts, but carefully, it is important not to damage the roots. When your pet is strengthened and grow up, you can transplanted into a big pot.

The plant should always get a lot of sunlight and constant warmth. For a full-fledged feeder, it is better to use biohumus or compost. But to feed rarely, just once a year. Kiwi - Aktinidia. Grows quickly. You can begin to form a bush when it reaches 50 - 70 centimeters.

When the cold will retreat, the faster Lian can be transplanted into the garden. The plant requires heat and humidity. With proper care after 3-4 years, the seedlings will begin to be fruit.

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How to grow kiwi

Kiwi from seeds

How to grow kiwi - would you like to try this exotic? This large liana, growing up to 7 meters in length, will be happy to settle on a warm glazed balcony or a bright veranda. And with a suitable care, an adult plant can not only bloody, but also to give up the fruits.

How to grow kiwi at home

Motherland Kiwi - China, in nature grows Lian, prefers a sunny warm place. Therefore, in domestic dilution, the same care should be followed.

How to grow kiwi

In the southern latitudes, Kiwi have long been grown on grape technology - on the set

Before you decide on the cultivation of kiwi from the seeds of the house, think if you can provide the plant all the conditions. Southern wet microclimate, a lot of sun and heat and decent care. C. Included from the seeds are grown by young seedlings that the next spring is planted on the site, that is, in open ground . Or grown to Lian to Big Pudge, in the summer I take out to the courtyard, and for the winter, providing her home care.

Kiwi The plant is unpretentious, but with a lack of light, shoots are pulled out, so the optimal location is in the room with windows directed to the south, south-west. At the same time, in the southern regions should not be placed a plant on the windowsill, as the delicate leaves can burn in the sun. Put the Lian away from the window.

Important! In winter, the plant drops the leaves and rests. Therefore, the pot with kiwi will have to be removed into the room where his bare branches will not interfere with anyone. In this case, the air temperature should not be below +10 0FROM.

Kiwi is a large liana, something resembling grapes. Its shoots can grow up to 6-7 meters long, which need to be directed to supports and cut regularly. The flowering of liana grown from seed comes for 3-4 years in the south. And in the middle part of Russia - for 6 years.

Need to know! Kiwi distinguish female and male plants. And if you want to get fruit, then many seedlings will have to grow to first bloom. One male is enough for two female plants. At the same time, the seeds can be taken from one fetus.

With seed reproduction, the seedlings usually do not repeat the maternal fruits in size and taste. But on them you can instill in the future varietal cuttings.

How to grow kiwi

How to grow kiwi from seeds

The best time for landing Kiwi - Spring: From March to May. For the summer months, the sighter will grow, grow up, and there is enough light to grow. The soil is better to take loose, moisture and breathable.

Do not use the soil from the pales and garden.

For kiwi, you can use a special soil for citrus fruits, at the extreme case - universal.

How to grow kiwi

For planting kiwi, you can use the soil for citrus

If it is possible, it is better to make the soil from universal soil, coconut fiber, vermiculite and biohumus.

Two liters of velocked coconut fiber, 1 liter of vermiculite, 1-2 liters of biohumus are added to a 10-liter pack of universal soil. Everything is well stirred so that the components are evenly distributed on the soil.

Planting seeds

Kiwi bones for growing are best to get out of the fetus purchased in the store. Choose ripe fruits, without signs of rot, damage and overripe. The fruit is cut in half, with the help of a spoon, seeds are pulled out with a flesh. Rinse so that the seeds remain clean.

How to grow kiwi

If the membrane remains on the shell, then after planting, it can be started, and shoots may not appear.

How to grow kiwi

Sustained seeds ride faster and more friendly than dry. For germination, you can use a conventional cotton disc or hydrogel.

  1. A cotton dishes moistened with warm water, preferably melting, and put seeds on it.
  2. The scene is placed in a transparent cellophane package and removed into a light and warm place. Optimal seed germination temperature +25 0C + 28. 0С.
  3. Every day you need to open the package and view seeds, if necessary, moisturize your cotton disk.
  4. As soon as the roots appear - immediately plan the seeds into the ground. Otherwise, the root turns into a cotton disk and climbs when landing.

How to grow kiwi

When using hydrogel, they act like this:

  1. A small amount of dry powder is bred by water to swelling crystals.
  2. The hydrogel is placed in the container, and the seeds decay from above.
  3. Close the container with a cap or film and also kept in a light warm place.
  4. The roots of the proceeding seeds can even germinate in the hydrogel. But it is not scary, you can plant such a seed right with the remnants of the gel on the roots.

Sustained seeds are planted into a shallow walker or a pot with a prepared soil. Be sure to have drainage holes on the bottom, so that the water surplus is glasses and the ground did not whine.

  1. Seeds are uniformly distributed over the surface of the moistened soil.
  2. Fall asleep with soil, layer up to 5 mm, no more . Seeds are pretty small, and from under the larger amount of soil they may not break through.
  3. Plant with planted plants are placed in the package and remove into a warm place.
  4. Usually, germinated seeds ride a week. Do not forget to venture and moisturize crops.
  5. With the appearance of the first green hinge, rearrange the pot to the light, but not under the right sun rays.

Survey care

As soon as the plants go out, you need to constantly maintain the humidity of the soil, preventing the cutting.

Shoots

Usually germinated kiwi seeds give fast and friendly shoots

Small sprouts can be sprayed from a pulverizer or water a tile of a syringe.

With a lack of light, you can additionally include fluorescent lamps or phytolampa, bringing the day day until 14-16 hours.

If the plants rose too thickly, then it is necessary to proper in time. When growing kiwi for fun, you can leave 3-4 copies. And if you want to get fruit, then you need to leave more to be guaranteed to get both men's and female plants.

break down

When seedlings are 2 real leaves, you can safely transplant them into individual pots. The size of the pots can be small, with a diameter of 7-8 cm. In the future, with the growth of Kiwi, it will be possible to transplant along with a closer land so as not to damage the roots.

Kiwi root system is a shallow, but wide, so the pots for matured specimens better take low, but wide. And for good stability - ceramic. Drainage in the form of a ceramisite is necessarily placed on the bottom.

Wide pot

For adult kiwi, it is better to take wide pots

The transplant of adult plants is carried out 1 time per year, in the spring, increasing the size of the pot on 3-4 cm in diameter. Young plants transplant more often - 1 time in half a year by transshipment, trying to injure the roots as little as possible.

Throughout the period of growth in Kiwi, regular and abundant irrigation is required. And a month after the seedlings, you can begin to start feeding.

Undercalink for kiwi

Most of all Kiwi loves organic feeding, and both at an early age, and when the plant is already an adult. Biogumus, dry, in bags, or liquid bottles is considered the best feeding.

Biohumus

Liquid biohumus is bred according to the instructions and feed the plants after watering

Dry biohumus can be used as feeding for adult plants. Scattering 1-2 tablespoons in each pot 1-2 times a month before irrigated. Liquid biohumus is divorced according to the instructions and is watering on a damp soil every 1-2 weeks.

Kiwi feeders are carried out only during the period of active growth: from spring to the end of summer. At the end of summer and in the fall, feeding biohumus stop. And for successful wintering, you can use twice phosphorus-potash fertilizers. The first feeding is carried out in early September, and the second - after 3-4 weeks from the first.

Monophosphate potassium

In the fall before wintering plants, phosphorus-potash fertilizers

Also for feeding Kiwi during the period of active vegetation, you can use folk remedies: tincture of yeast, herbal infusions, infusion of chicken litter (only 1 time in the spring after the dissolution of the kidneys).

When manifolding chlorosis on the leaves, you can apply a spraying by any complex mineral fertilizer.

chlorosis

In the manifestation of chlorosis on the leaves, you need to clean the plant with full mineral fertilizer

Watering kiwi

Kiwi is practically not amazed by pests, diseases bypass him, and the deterioration of the appearance is most often provoked by the gardener itself - due to improper care. Most often droop the leaves due to rare irrigation, and if the soil is wet, but the leaves hang a cloth - it means, on the contrary, we swore. To correct this situation, browse the drainage holes, whether they are clogged. Gently slide the top layer of the soil, and if the soil is very dense, the needle is pinched the ground to the bottom in several places to put the air to the roots.

In the dry air, Kiwi apartments can be amazed by a spray tick, so prophylactic spraying is needed, especially in summer, and when pest is detected - phytherm processing.

Reviews grow kiwi at home

Get seedlings from the fetus Kiwi and grow to a whole Lian - not so difficult. Kiwi is excellent, grows quickly, unpretentiously in care. After 5-6 years, you can even get a flowering plant.

Video "How to grow kiwi at home"

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No one will not surprise anyone lemon and oranges. Therefore, the amateur flowers are constantly trying to "domestic" new cultures. You can grow "in captivity" and kiwi. If you set a goal, from seeds in a few years you can get steadily fruiting plants.

Kiwi at home

In Nature Kiwi (the plant is known to botany called Aktinidia Chinese) is a tree liana, preferring a tropical or subtropical climate. On the tops of the shoots, whole clusters of large fruits are matured, according to the form similar to very large gooseberry berries. Depending on the species, they can be smooth or rough to the touch.

Kiwi grown outdoors

In nature, Liana Kiwi reaches 7-10 m in length

In principle, in order to create a microclimate for kiwi, close to the optimal, there is nothing complicated. But the plant belongs to the category of dioarms. This means that for fruiting it is necessary to have a minimum of two copies - male and female. You can only distinguish between flowering. In the first speakers in the role of pollinators, there is no pestle, but there are many stamens. One male plant is enough to pollinate five and six female. The only self-estelling of the existing varieties of Kiwi is Jenny. But this species, the presence of a number of male plants has a positive effect on yields.

Male Plant Kiwi

The presence of a male plant is useful even if the variety is self-polished

Video: How to determine the floor of Kiwi Plants

Kiwi-lovers are appreciated not only for fruiting, but also for flowering, long and abundant. Large five- or six-board flowers gradually change the color with snow-white on yellowish-cream, lemon or lime.

Fruits at home, as a rule, mature less than a description of the description of a variety of Kiwi promises. But according to the content of vitamins, macro- and microelements, taste, they do not give way to the fact that they are grown outdoors. Ripe fruits are easily separated from Liana. Store them in the refrigerator, an approximate "shelf life" - one and a half or two weeks.

Kiwi fruiting at home

"Home" kiwi small, but very tasty

With the receipt of kiwi seeds at home there are no problems. They can be taken from any berries purchased in the store. But the seedlings grown in this way extremely rarely inherit the varietal signs of the "parent", and the taste qualities of the fruits leave much to be desired. Therefore, they are most often used as inhibition, and any seedling of a certain variety acquired in a specialized nursery acts as a lead.

Kiwi in the store

Viable seeds can be obtained from kiwi fetal, which can be bought at any grocery store.

Harvesting from Kiwi grown from seeds will have to wait long enough. As a rule, such plants are first blooming no earlier than six years after the landing.

Seeds in Mount Kiwi

The planting material is desirable to receive from mature and healthy on the form of fruits.

For the right development of Kiwi, warmth and sunlight are vital. Therefore, the pot is placed on the brightened place in the apartment, for example, on the southern or south-western windowsill, periodically (every 2-2.5 weeks) turning it into the heat distributed evenly. Cold drafts are categorically contraindicated. Regular feedstocks are equally important (desirable organic) and the correct watering.

Support for kiwi

In Nature, Kiwi is a liana, so about the support for it you need to take care in advance

For some reason, Aktinidia juice has been on cats (and, to a lesser extent, on cats), the effect similar to that has a tincture of Valerians. Therefore, it is worth removing the pot to where the cats will not get completely completely, or surround the plant with a mesh.

Cat in Liana Kiwi

The leaves and shoots kiwi cats do not eat, but can hardly damage the plant, trying to get to the juice to which they for some reason are very not indifferent

Landing and transplant procedure

Kiwi growing begins with seeds. Fruits must necessarily be ripe and without the slightest traces of rot, mold, pest defeats. The collected seeds are sown immediately after collecting, the most suitable time for this is spring.

Getting seeds

Kiwi variety for this does not matter. The main thing is that the fruit is mature and healthy. Identify ripe berries in a characteristic thin aroma. Each Kiwi contains more than a thousand seeds.

Seeds prepare for landing as follows:

  1. Kiwi was carefully clean, cut on 4-6 parts. Knitsee believes, the pulp neatly knead the fork, turning into a puree
  2. The resulting cleaner is laid out in a deep plate or a bowl, poured water temperature water. Constantly stirring, fingers separated seeds. To completely get rid of the pulp, the water will have to change 4-5 times. At the end of the procedure, only seeds should remain in the containers. You can wrap the Cashitz into several layers of gauze or put into a sieve with small cells and rinse under the jet of cool water. Department of Kiwi Seeds from Meakty

    It is very important to completely separate the seeds of Kiwi from the pulp - its remnants can provoke the development of rot

  3. Seeds are laid out on a paper napkin or cotton towel for drying. After a few hours, they finally dried, changing the color from black on grayish-brown.
  4. A small piece of wool or gauze moisturizes, wetting hot water. Instead, it is possible to use a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate (for disinfection) or any available biostimulator (to increase the germination). It is suitable, for example, humate potassium, corneser, zircon, heteroacexin, amber acid, aloe juice. Processing for seeding

    Pre-germinated Kiwi seeds give shoots faster

  5. Seeds wrap in a wet marry, put it on a saucer, which is covered with polyethylene film. Every day, for the night it is removed. In the morning, Marla again moisturize and restore the "shelter". After about 7-10 days, the seeds will germinate, they can be planted. Another version of preset preparation is stratification. Seeds for 2-3 weeks are placed in the refrigerator. Then they are 10-12 days held in a warm place in the apartment. The final stage of prestanding

    For convenience, you can use special packages with a buckle - it is so easier to shoot "shelter" with gauze, not risking scatter seeds

Sometimes another method is recommended - during the week, the seeds of Kiwi are kept warm, at night - in the cold.

Preparation for landing

Kiwi's root system is quite developed, strongly smasted in width, but surface, urine. Therefore, it makes sense to acquire a deep pot, in shape resembling a bucket, no. The optimal option is a container similar to a flame or a salad bowl. Mandatory condition - the presence of drainage holes. From the materials it is worth to give preference to natural ceramics - it best passes air, not giving moisture to stammer.

Suitable pot for kiwi

A pot in the form of a bucket can slow down the growth of Liana, so the abundant option is a wide and shallow pot so that the roots are where to turn around

Soil Kiwi prefers light and loose, but neutral. A mixture of peat crumb, large river sand and chernozema in proportion 1: 2: 3 is well suited for it. You can add 8-10 g of sizzy wood ash and chopped into the egg shell chopped into each liter of the finished substrate. Another type of soil is vermiculitis or perlite, peat and humus approximately equal ratio. If there is no desire to cook soil yourself, you can search for specialized substrate stores designed for any tropical lian.

Peat

Peat - the required component of the soil for kiwi

Disembarking seeds in soil

In the procedure itself there is nothing complicated. But there are some nuances with which you need to get acquainted in advance.

  1. At the bottom of the pure pot, clamzite pour or other drainage material, creating a layer with a thickness of at least 3-4 cm. From above - a disinfected substrate, filling about 2/3 of the tank. To sterilize, it can be treated with steam, heat or cold.
  2. The soil is well moisturized by sprinkling out of the spray, and roll up. When water is absorbed, if possible, seeds are uniformly seed. Some flower products are recommended to leave them on the surface, others advise to fall asleep thin (1-1.5 mm) layer of fine sand.
  3. The landing is once again moisturized, the pot is covered with glass or tighten with polyethylene film to create a greenhouse effect. To accommodate the container, choose the most warm place in the apartment (the temperature is not lower than 25-27ºС). Light day is also desirable duration of at least 12-14 hours and lower heated. To avoid the appearance of condensate, "Greenhouse" daily open for 3-5 minutes to ventilat. As it dry, the soil spray from the sprayer. It should be constantly slightly wet, but not wet.
  4. Shoots appear massively and fast enough. 2-3 weeks after this landing is thinned, getting rid of the weakest seedlings.
  5. When Kiwi seedlings reach a height of 10-12 cm (after 4-6 weeks), they are seated into individual containers. Such plants already have 2-3 pairs of real leaves. Suitable primer - a mixture of peat, turf and sand approximately equal to the proportion. In the process of picking, you need to try the roots of the plant as little as possible. They have very gentle and fragile seedlings. At the same time, you need to take care of the support. If you stick it into a pot then, again there is a risk of damaging the roots.
Seeders kiwi

Kiwi seeds are distinguished by a good germination, but then many sprouts may die, it depends on the conditions of their content.

Since Liana Kiwi is distinguished by the speed of growth, and the acquisition of the pots "on the gross" is not recommended for any indoor plants, the young copies will have to transplanten quite often every 5-6 months. For the first few weeks after the procedure, the plant is recommended to rearrange from the window sill, removing where it is definitely not a straight sun rays. For adult kiwi heat is quite comfortable, but young Lians can slow down in growth.

CWI transplant is carried out as needed. As a rule, just once every two years. The diameter of the pot is increased by 3-5 cm. Conduct it using the transshipment method, trying to destroy the earthen car as little as possible and injure the roots. They have very fragile plants.

Seedlings Kiwi before transfer

Kiwi grown at home (especially young specimens) need a frequent transplant - Liana is growing rapid enough

Video: Collection of Kiwi Seeds and their landing

How to instill a cutlery kiwi

Most often, Kiwi plants grown from seeds at home are not used in order to receive a harvest, but as a collection for "cultural" varieties. For this, only seedlings aged from three years and older are suitable. You can vaccinate kiwi in any way. Results in each case are quite good.

Grafting in crack

Awiered Kiwi stalk is part of the annual escape, cut with an adult liana of a certain variety in winter. For the plant, such pruning is a mandatory procedure. Green cuttings are obtained by off the summer of the top of the shoots formed this season.

Plant after vaccination

It is very important in the process of vaccination to securely fix the entire design.

The optimal length of the cutting - 8-12 cm (2-3 pairs of leaves), the thickness of the escape from which it is taken - 7-10 mm. It must be absolutely healthy, the bark - smooth, monophonic, elastic and intact. The best time for the day for cutting in the summer is early morning.

To obtain the planting material, use sharply sharpened disinfected tool - scissors, knife, secator. The last option is preferable, since it minimally injures escape fabrics, the bark does not crack and is not crushed. The lower cut is made at an angle of about 45º, the upper (straight) is located at 8-10 mm above the last kidney.

The easiest way is to vaccinate in splitting. In this case, the cuttings are harvested from the fall and for the winter are drawn into the snow. The procedure is carried out in the middle of spring.

  1. The bases of cut cuttings approximately per day are placed in the container filled with water temperature. Their tops are covered with a damp cloth or polyethylene film. After a day, the cutting of water is transferred to the solution of any stimulator of the root formation prepared according to the instructions. After 18-20 hours, they are ready for vaccination. Cuttings in water

    Parts of the shoots must be immersed in the water approximately half

  2. Seeding-dive is shortened to a length of 3-5 cm, making a smooth horizontal slice. In the middle perpendicular to the scalpel or razor blade cut through a slot of a depth of 2.5-3 cm (the so-called split). Split

    It is necessary to ensure that the split is not too wide - the cuttings should enter it with some effort.

  3. A stalk is 12-15 cm long, the thickness of which roughly coincides with the thickness of the congestion, is cut off from both sides at an angle, forming something similar to a wedge of 3-3.5 cm long. It should begin as close as possible to the lower kidney. Proper cutting Chenka

    The form of the wedge is necessary for the most convenient entry of the lead in stock

  4. It will be inserted into the split on the break. Part of the cut on it should remain outdoors. The cut part of the cutter contributes to a more rapid effect of the lead and the stock. Bring in splitting

    It is very important to make the procedure with clean hands, otherwise you can infect the slice

  5. The place of the compound of shoots is covered with a polyethylene ribbon in several layers. When Callyus appears, the winding is removed. Fixing

    The tape or food film will help protect the place of connection from negative impact.

Video: how to instill a stalk

Another common way is the eyepiece. In essence, this is the same vaccination. The difference is that in this case not a whole stalk is used, and only one growth kidney removed from it with a thin layer of wood. The easiest option is the vinoscience. The kidney-cut-cut-free kidney is combined with a seed-purified plant on a liana-stock. Some flower products argue that in order for the parts to have grown, in general enough cross-shaped outbreak with a depth of 2-4 mm.

Horing kidney

The chipping procedure is not different from vaccinations.

Video: Process of Okulization Ribrilate

Prothesing recommendations

Liana Kiwi is characterized by growth rate, so trimming for it is a mandatory procedure. Such plants look much more aesthetically more careful, more abundant fruit. If the growth of the Liana is in no way limit, it can stretch to 7-10 m in length. To keep such a plant in the apartment is absolutely impossible.

Seedlings, grown up to a height of 25-30 cm, pinch the top, removing 2-3 last kidneys. It stimulates a plant to more intense branching. But the overalling of the green mass is harmful to the plant - all his forces go to her food, so the fruits are not tied at all or fall long before ripening.

An adult plant of Kiwi at home should consist of 5-7 shoots starting at a distance of approximately 45-50 cm from the base of the stem. They constantly forms a thick pigward, which will have to shorten throughout the vegetative season. It is impractical to maintain it, since only the lower 5-6 "eyes" of each annual escape is fruit.

Cywy trim diagram

In order to leave very long shoots on Liana Kiwi, no sense: only the bottom 5-6 kidneys are fruit

Old branches are gradually removed by replacing them with swamps. Usually, the rejuvenating trimming is needed by kiwi once every 5-6 years. If it is competent, the productive life of Liana is stretched for 40-50 years.

Especially pruning in the presence of several plants located next to each other. If it is not done, one of them can simply "strangle" the neighbors. Also, the removal of excess foliage and weak shoots improves the krona air exchange, minimizing the risk of distribution of diseases and pest attacks.

A different method of formation is more often used in the cultivation of lianas outdoors, but at home such plants look pretty.

  1. An annual seedling is shortened to a height of 30 cm.
  2. A year later, the point of growth cuts off all the formed side shoots, except for two (the so-called shoulders).
  3. When they reach the length of 1 m, their tops are pouring. There are 3-4 side sprigs from all over the "shoulders", located on approximately an equal distance from each other. They are shortened by cutting off after the fifth or sixth kidneys.
  4. During the season of active vegetation, all the pigs on these twigs and new side shoots on the "shoulders" immediately remove.
  5. Collecting the harvest, fruiting shoots pinch so that 6-7 new leaves remain over the last berry. The branches on which the fruits were not shortened to the fifth sheet kidney.
  6. Branches at the age of three are cut to the point of growth. Soon the new escape will begin to form out of it, which pinch after five leaves will be formed on it.
Ceattor

The secret, like any other tool used to trim Kiwi, should be sharply sharpened and disinfected

Highly launched or old Lian Kiwi can be rejected by spending spring radical trimming. Unlike most room plants, Kiwi normally reacts to the loss of a significant part of the green mass, rapidly restoring and touched into growth after such a "stress".

Other important nuances of Lian's care

Those who are going to grow kiwi, first of all, should be remembered that this is a southern subtropical plant. It is necessary to navigate to this, creating an optimal microclimate for it. In the inappropriate Liana conditions, most likely, it will simply refuse to fruit.

Creating a suitable microclimate

The most important requirement of Liana is sufficient lighting. The pot is placed on the windowsill leaving south or southwest. In winter, natural light is not enough, so you have to use luminescent or special phytolamba, extended light day to 12-14 hours. It is better to have it so that the light falls on the plant in the horizontal plane.

Suitable place for kiwi

Kiwi vitally need a lot of light, taking into account this and pick up a place for a pot

At the same time, Kiwi in the hottest clock should be protected from direct sunlight. They cause serious burns, especially if Liana was poured shortly before. You can pronounce Kiwi with tulle, paper screen, multiple layers of gauze.

With the shortage of light, Liana stalks are ugly thinned, the leaves are pale and minor, the gaps between them increase. Flowering and, moreover, fruiting in such conditions can not be expected.

On any changes in the conditions of Kiwi content, most likely will respond negatively. Especially the plant does not like harsh temperature differences and cold drafts. Therefore, the place for it is chosen once and for all, approaching this procedure with full responsibility.

Plant care

Care for kiwi at home is easy. It is mainly reduced to regular irrigation and feeding. This is quite enough for Liana to feel well and fertile.

From the fertilizer Kiwi prefers genuine organics. It is best to alternate it with mineral fertilizers. Forces for growth and the formation of liana fruit spend quite a lot, so the feeding are made every 12-15 days, starting from mid-March and until October.

Biohumus

Biohumus - Absolutely Natural Fertilizer

The very first feeding is biohumus, humus or overworked compost (nitrogen source). In the pot around the plant make a ring groove and make fertilizer there. During the season, along with water, nutrients will gradually flow to the roots. Then you can alternately use the complex mineral fertilizer and the clusters of nettle leaves, dandelion, wood ash, avian litter.

Kiwi needs a frequent and abundant watering, but at the same time the stagnation of moisture in the pot does not tolerate categorically. To avoid this, 30-40 minutes after the procedure, it will be necessary to drain the excess fluid from the pallet. Watering is not less than once every 3-4 days. At the same time, they moisturize the earthen com as uniformity. It is best to take advantage of this Waterfront with a dishtheler.

Like with divider

Like with the divider helps evenly wet the earthen car in a pot with kiwi

In severe heat, Liana, in addition to irrigation, is preferably sprayed from a finely dispersed pulverizer. Water in both cases is used to fit to room temperature. You can also use a special air humidifier. Or simply disappear next to Kiwi with cool water, organize the company "Company" from other indoor plants, place a potted pottery in the pallet, moss-sfagnum.

Moss-Sfagnum

Moss-Sfagnum keeps moisture well, which is very useful for indoor plants in the heat

For the winter, Liana dumps the leaves, it is a natural process for it. As soon as it happened, the feeders stop at all, and the number of polishes are reduced to once every 10-12 days. At the time of "hibernation" it is desirable to transfer the plant into a cool bright room where the temperature is maintained at 12-16ºС.

Plant resets the leaves

Kiwi, like most fruiting tropical plants (lemons, grenades, pineapples) at home for the winter drops the leaves

Threatening Kiwi Diseases and Pest

Like any actinidium, Kiwi rarely suffers from diseases and pests. This also applies to copies grown at home. But it is not necessary to neglect the regular inspection of Liana. The earlier the problem is seen, the easier it is to fight with it.

Often in the worsening of the appearance and state of Kiwi, the flowering itself is to blame. Missing errors in care provoke problems with a plant.

Table: How kiwi responds to incorrect care

What a plant looks like What is the reason
The leaves are niche, lose the tone, partially or completely fall. Moisture deficiency. As a rule, the plant is restored after irrigation.
Brownish-beige stains on the leaves and stems. Burn. The plant suffered from direct sunlight. Spots - nothing but dead fabrics.
"Washing" black and brown spots at the base of shoots. Mushroom rot. Its development contributes to the cool temperature in the room, especially in combination with unnecessary and / or frequent irrigation.
Small and yellowing leaves, red stuffing, general worsening of the tone of the plant. Nitrogen deficiency. It is caused by using the "poor" soil for Kiwi. Recommended root and extractive feeder with a solution of carbamide (1.5-2 g / l).
Small leaves of unnatural dark-green color, lost shine, sharp decline or absence of a crop. Phosphorus deficiency. The plant is fed by superphosphate.
The leaves acquire a brick tint, quickly dry and fall. Potassium deficiency. For feeding, you can use potassium sulfate. Potassium chloride is not recommended - Chlorine Kiwi, like all Aktinidia, does not like.
The leaves change the shade on the lime, between the streaks there are vague browning spots. Magnesium deficiency. Lianin is fed by magnesium sulfate, Kalimagnezia.
Kiwi with light shortage

Due to the lack of light Lian Kiwi, it is ugly stretching - this applies to both adult plants and all young seedlings

In addition to the so-called non-infectious diseases whose symptoms most often disappear in the normalization of the microclimate and carry out the right feeding, Kiwi may suffer from fungal diseases. Most often, various types of rotes are developing in the overeating. Also, the plant does not bypass such "universal" pests of indoor plants, like a wave and shield. They are distinguished by rare "omnory."

Table: Diseases and pests that can threaten kiwi when growing at home

Disease or pest Symptoms Measures of struggle and prevention
Phillostose Large brown spots on the leaves with a darker edging. Sometimes Kima can have a greenish or purple. In severe cases, gray-brown concentric rings around them. The disease is most often evolving with a shortage of potassium and phosphorus and excess nitrogen. At the first signs, the injured parts of the leaves are cut off, two processing by burgundy liquid (10 ml / l) with a range of 12-15 days. In severe cases, fungicides are used by robes, chorus, topxin-m, Delan.
Phytoophluorosis Dark brown blurry spots on the leaves, the longitudinal stripes of the same shade on the stems. Gradually, they are delayed with a gray-white "Pooh" with small black dots. Leaves dry, fall. At an early stage of the disease, the soil is spilled with a solution of alin-b or ordan, the Liano itself spray phytoosporin, tripides, quadris, Ridomil Gold. Folk remedy - infusion of garlic. We carry out 4-5 treatments with an interval of 7-10 days, it is desirable to change drugs. For prophylaxis, it is possible to bind the base of the escape with a copper wire or spray the plant with a solution with a solution of iodine (20 drops per liter of milk and a liter of water).
Root rot "Wet" black and brown spots at the base of shoots, mold on the surface of the soil, an unpleasant putrefactive smell. Stems are easily twisted from the soil. If the disease has come too far, the plant will no longer be saved. In the early stages of the development of rot, you can try to transplant Kiwi, getting rid of all the stems and leaves, which are noticeable of the slightest damage. The substrate is completely changed, the pot is sterilized. In the soil add sifted wood ash or tripidermine. During the month, when watering is alternate, ordinary water and a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate either phytosporin, gamiir, bastospherine.
Gray Gnil Right-increasing gray stains (as if dust) on fruits, leaves and shoots that are tightened by fluffy bottom of the same color. There are infectious kiwi is not recommended. If the disease is noticed on time, kiwi until the symptoms are completely disappeared every day with inferior garlic, mustard powder. The soil is sprinkled with wood ash, pushed chalk. In severe cases, fungicides are used - Telfor, Vectra, Sorrow, Cinnab (according to the instructions).
White Rot "Watery" stains on the leaves and fruits, tightening with thick whitening bellows, similar to cotton swabs. The disease is spread from the bottom up. The amazed stems and the leaves are cut, "wounds" smear pasta from water, pushed chalk and potassium permanganate, sprinkled ashes. If it does not help, plants and soil are treated with topaz, maxim, chime.
Shield Brown-gray rounded "plaques" on leaves and shoots, rapidly increasing in volume. Fabrics around them are acquired by a reddish-yellow shade, the soil in the pot is black. Visible shields are removed from the plants, lubricating their shells kerosene, alcohol, vinegar, machine oil. The leaves wipe the green potassium or economic soap foam. The plant three times with an interval of 7-12 days is treated with Aktar, Fufanon, Fosbecide. For prophylaxis, Liano once a week spray the infusion of burning pepper or onions.
Aphid Colonies of small insects of yellow-green or black and brown color, lipsticking the leaves, the tops of the shoots, fruit wounds. At the same time, they are covered with transparent sticky raid. The affected parts of the plant are deformed, dry, fall. If the tribes are a bit, the plants wash under the shower, 3-4 times a day spray with rates of any herbs with a sharp aroma, garlic, bow, citrus peel, mustard powder, tobacco crumbs. In severe cases, insecticides of general action - Inta-Vir, Fury, Mospilan, spark bio are used. It is usually enough 2-3 treatments with an interval of 5-7 days.

Photo Gallery: Dangerous Kiwi Diseases and Pest

Phillostose
The development of philostotose is most often provoked by improper feeders or their absence
Phytoophluorosis
Phytoofluorosis is also known as "Buuran Rota"
Root rot
If the development of root rotes has gone too far, the plant can only be tightened
Gray Gnil
Gray rot is striking not only the leaves and stems, but also the fruits of Kiwi
White Rot
White rot is very easy to identify, but it's quite difficult to get rid of this disease
Shield
Durable shell reliably protects the shield, so most of the folk agents are not dangerous for it
Aphid
TLL - one of the most "universal" pests, and households and garden plants are exposed to attacks.

Kiwi Growing Reviews

Kiwi or Aktinidia is Chinese - another successful "domesticated" culture-lovers culture. If you create optimal or closer conditions to them, this Liana feels nicely in captivity, glad the owner with growth rate and regular fruiting. With diseases and pests, it suffers extremely rarely - this is the undoubted advantage of the plant.

Julia Head.27 years old, higher legal education, wide horizons and interest in the most similar topics. Rate article:

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Friends, I grow a bustard of the Chinese gooseberry on the windowsill, in the fall gives the crop of sweet fruits! Want to know how to grow kiwi at home from seeds? I will tell you how to care, it is possible to water, replant and multiply the plant. Enjoy reading!

Kiwi at home

Grow indoors kiwi with fruits and flowers really

Useful and harmful properties of Kiwi

Kiwi - the berries of the tree-like leaf falling Liana (Aktinidia Chinese) growing in Southeast Asia. Sweet fruits taste covers a thin darling peel, inside a gentle flesh with small seeds. Thanks to green and light sourness, many call Kiwi "Chinese gooseberry."

Calorie 100 g kiwi - 61 kcal. The composition of the berries includes:

  • Fat - 0.52 g;
  • Proteins - 1.14 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 14.66 g;
  • WATER - 83.07

I present in the table Vitamins and Minerals contained in Kiwi:

Vitamins Content Share of daily rate per 100 g Minerals. Content Share of daily rate per 100 g
А4 μg 0.4% Calcium 34.0 mg 3.4%
Beta carotine 52 μg one% Iron 0.3 mg 3.1%
Е1.5 mg ten% Magnesium 17.0 4.3%
К40.3 μg 33.6% Phosphorus 34.0 mg 4.9%
С92.7 mg 103, 0% Potassium 312 mg. 6.6%
IN 3 0.3 mg 2.1% Sodium 3.0 mg 0.2%
AT 4 7.8 mg 1.6% Zinc 0.1 mg 1.3%
AT 5 0.2 mg 3.7% Copper 0.1 mg 14.4%
AT 6 0.1 mg 4.8% Manganese 0.1 mg 4.3%
AT 9 25 μg 6.3% Selenium 0.2 mg 0.4%

Due to the rich content of vitamins and minerals, Kiwi has a number of useful properties for the body:

  • improves the digestive process;
  • strengthens the protective forces of the body;
  • reduces blood cholesterol levels;
  • has an antioxidant effect;
  • leads arterial pressure to the norm;
  • Prevents the development of the retinal dystrophy of the eye;
  • normalizes the metabolism;
  • reduces the risk of osteoporosis;
  • has an antibactericidal property;
  • struggles with free radicals;
  • increases hemoglobin levels;
  • prevents the formation of stones in the urinary system;
  • restores the water-salt balance;
  • normalizes the activity of the central nervous system.

Find out what beneficial properties is the Chinese gooseberry? In another article. Read, suddenly you want to grow useful berries.

In some cases, the use of fruit can cause harm. Fruits are not recommended for the following problems:

  • gastritis with increased acidity;
  • Pathology of blood coagulation;
  • allergic reaction.

In addition to eating food, Kiwi is popular in the preparation of facial care products: masks are fighting with acne, remove dark circles under the eyes, prevent early aging of the skin.

Kiwi's benefit

Nutritionists recommend drinking juice from kiwi

Kiwi varieties suitable for growing on the windowsill

The Chinese gooseberry belongs to downtown plants, so a female and male instance will be needed for pollination. To determine the floor of the culture, I advise you to grow 2-4 kestic. Only after 3-4 years in bloom will be able to choose male plants with stamens and female with pestles and stamens.

I have a great kiwi at home on the windowsill, the seeds bought, ordering on the Internet, chose the Monti variety, there were 20 pieces in the bag. Introducing the table of popular varieties of Kiwi:

Name a brief description of Fruit characteristic Note
Heivard Liana with a length of 2-3 m with large leaves of rounded shape. Oval shape berries, flattened on the sides, weighing 100-150 g, sour-sweet pulp with pineapple aroma. Requires a variety of pollinator.
Abott Fast-growing liana. Berries weighing up to 70 g, in shape resemble a pear. Requires a variety of pollinator.
Monty The stronger look needs a constant trimming. Oval shape berries weighing up to 30 g Does not require a variety of pollinator.
Bruno. Liana moderate growth with oblong and pointed leaves. Oval shape berries up to 70 g, juicy pulp of yellow-green. Requires a variety of pollinator.

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Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

Male plants Matui varieties and Traii are used as pollinators.

Did you find out the varieties of kiwi for growing at home? In another article. Read what varieties can be raised at home.

Choose the best variety Kiwi together

Friends, I spend a small survey. Let's choose how to choose which variety kiwi is easier and easier to grow all?

How to grow kiwi from bone in a pot

My dear, now let's move on to the question of how to plant kiwi at home. First of all, you need to prepare soil and seeds to land, choose a container. Then sow bones, grown sprouts to dive into separate pots.

Preparation for landing

You can order seeds on the Internet or buy kiwi fruit in the store. When choosing, take a berry in your hands, carefully inspect: it should be without signs of rot and damage. There is even a slightly soft, but not spoiled. A substrate with neutral or weakly acid reaction will also be required (pH 5.5-7). You can buy in a flower shop a special soil for citrus crops or prepare the ground alone.

Priming

Kiwi prefers light, loose and nutrient soil. To prepare the soil for seeds, mix the equal parts of the turf, peat, sand and humus. To improve aeration, add a bit perlite. To disinfect the soil, pour a strong manganese solution (5 g per 100 ml) and warm up soil in the oven at a temperature of +110 degrees for an hour. This procedure will eliminate the composition from harmful microorganisms and larvae.

Found out how to prepare a substrate for kiwi? Now that fresh greens always have on your windowsill!

Pot

The root system of Lian shameless, but growing styling. Therefore, for sowing seeds prepare low (8-10 cm), but wide plastic pots or rectangular floral containers. Also an excellent option - seating trays or cassettes. Tar to disinfine 1% potassium permanganate solution. Be sure to do drainage holes.

Planting kiwi

Kiwi leaves are big, so the pot must be low, but wide

Preparation of seeds for landing

To choose Kiwi seeds, cut the fruit in half and remove the bone tape neatly, without damaging the protective shell. Climbing the landing material in the gauze and rinse several times under running water. Kiwi bones decompose on a dryer for drying.

Gestroinated seeds give quick shoots. To stretch Kiwi in the apartment, there are two ways, choose any.

Seeding seeds on cotton

  1. Put your wool on the plate, moisten it with warm water and spread the Kiwi bones.
  2. Cover the plate with a transparent polyethylene package and put in a light and warm place (temperature + 25-28 degrees).
  3. Remove the package daily and check the condition of the seeds and wool humidity, be wrapped with warm water if necessary.
  4. When the first roots appear, after about 7-10 days, drink them into the ground.

Seeding seeds on hydrogel

  1. Weigh the water with a small amount of dry hydrogel powder to swelling crystals.
  2. Then put in a plastic container, spread the seeds from above, cover with polyethylene.
  3. When the bones are sprouting, you can put in the soil along with the remains of the hydrogel on the roots.
Kiwi sprouts

The first seedlings of Kiwi seedlings appeared

Features of sowing

At the bottom of the planting container, put the drainage layer of clay (2 cm), pour the prepared substrate (5-6 cm). Kiwi seeds are very small, from under a large volume of soil may not break through. Therefore, the landing material is uniformly distributed on the soil and spray with a thin layer of land, approximately 0.5 cm. Then Moisture from the sprayer, cover the container with polyethylene and put in a warm place (+ 26-30 degrees). When the first sprouts appear (3-6 days), remove the shelter, remove the seedlings closer to the light, on the southern windowsill. Be sure to protect from the direct ingress of sunlight curtain or gauze. If the seeds climbed the densely, to break sowing, leaving the most tall and powerful sprouts.

Have you got acquainted with the rules of sowing seed kiwi? Then. You will be enough to buy just one fruit for landing.

Watch a useful video about Kiwi sprouts:

Picking seedlings

When the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm, it's time to dive seedlings, transplant the plants into individual containers with a diameter of 7-8 cm. Pour the ground in the planting container with seedlings and leave for half an hour so that the land is soaked in moisture. Then put the drainage layer on the bottom, add a prepared substrate, leaving 8-10 cm to the edge. For picking, use the following soil: 2 pieces of the turf, ½ part of the peat, 1 part of the sand and 1 part of humus. The plants have a surface root system, so carefully remove each seedling and transope in the prepared wells. Sprinkle the ground on top and slightly with your hands.

How to care for home kiwi

Dear readers, know how to grow home kiwi? Chinese gooseberry is a resident of wet subtropical forests, so it is necessary to create similar conditions in the apartment. This applies to lighting, high humidity and abundant soil moisture.

Create kiwi at home?

Yes Not

Location and lighting

The indispensable condition for the full development of Liana is bright lighting. Therefore, place the pot on the southern or southeast windowsill. With a lack of sunlight, the leaves are pale and minor, with an excess covered with brown spots. To create an effect of scattered light, hang on the window of the tulle curtain. Best protection - blinds, they prevent air heating in summer hot days, protect the leaves from burns. In natural conditions, Liana stretches to the Sun, on the windowsill, lighting only on one side of the pot. Therefore, turn the romp with a plant 2-3 times a week for 20 degrees clockwise.

Learned how to have a pot of Kiwi at home? In another article. Read, for red berries is also important to choose a place!

Care for kiwi

Place on the windowsill - the best option for Kiwi

Air humidity and watering

A resident of subtropics prefers increased air humidity (70-80%). For this purpose, use a special moisturizer or set a tank with water. In hot summer days or in winter, when there is dry air indoors, spray the plant from the spray gun.

To find out the need for watering, knock the pot on the wall. If the sound is ringing - the soil is dry, deaf - the ground is wet. Water the plant with an accumulated water temperature in a spring-summer time 2-3 times a week, in winter - 2-3 times a month. After irrigated, pour out extra liquid from the pallet. Consider drying or overcoating is harmful to the root system. In the first case, the leaves are drooped, withering and falling out, in the second - heepings the root system. If the soil is allowed to dry out, put the pot into the water basin. When comges in moisture, bubbles disappear on the surface of the soil.

In addition to knowledge, how to water Kiwi ,. Read, irrigation rules will be useful! The subtropical plant is also Vodokhleb.

Transfer

The first signs for transplant is to slow down the growth of the liana and the germination of the root system through the drainage holes. Consequently, the pot is small, the plant requires the capacity above and wider 2 cm.

Young plants transplant 2-3 times a year, over 5 years old - 1 time in 2-3 years. For transplantation, fields are plenty of the soil, get a plant with a lump, free the root from the ground and rinse with 1% heatman solution. If adults are transplanted, shorten the root by 1.5-2 cm and spray sections of crushed ash. Prepared Capacity Process with boiling water. Place the drainage layer from the ceramzit on the bottom, add a substrate as when picking seedlings. Make a deepening in the soil, immerse the root in it, pour the earth, sink and water with water.

Knowing how to transplant Kiwi, you can go on. And you will have another exotic fruit.

See useful video transplant Kiwi cuttings

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Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

Each new pot must be greater in diameter by 5-8 cm former.

Choosing and making fertilizers

For kiwi as feeding the best tool - liquid or dry biohumus. It includes the potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen necessary for the development of plants. In contrast to manure or compost, there is no smell. Better use liquid composition (250 ml per 10 liter of water). Fertilizer put 1-2 times a month in the spring-summer period.

In front of the wintering plant, 2 phosphorus-potash feeders are required: the first - in early September, the second one - in a month. From complex fertilizers, use potassium monophosphate as a powder or granules. It can be bought in a specialized store. To feed Kiwi, dissolve the preparation in water in accordance with the instructions, then pour and spray kiwi.

Fertilizers are needed not only kiwi. In another article, and described the rules for the care of it. The tree is not very demanding for feeding!

Undercalink for kiwi

Liquid biohumus - best fertilizer for subtropical lian

Trimming

I don't cut the early spring - the plant loses juice, deplets and dry out. Also you can not shock shoots and in the summer. This leads to the shower of sleeping renal current season. When the plant reset the foliage (late autumn), remove the unnecessary piglets and remove the dried spiders.

Watch a useful video how to trim a young bush.

How to propagate indoor kiwi

Aktinidia is breeding in splitting with a hard and green cutlery, in the way of vaccination. Such methods transmit fully varietal properties of the parent plant.

In the split, hard cutlets

For this method, choose the hardened kidney shoots. Cut the bottom edge at the bottom of the kidney, over the top leave the distance 1 cm. Then cut the cuttings into the water for 12 hours, adding the growth stimulator corneser. At the bottom of the seed capacity, put the drainage layer of pebbles, the prepared soil prepared (peat and sand in the same quantity) and land the cuttings. Then Moisten the soil, cover each copy of a glass jar and put in a warm and dark place.

Remove the shelter daily, check the condition, if necessary, water the soil. After about a month in the cuttings, the root system will be formed. Peread seedlings into individual pots with a drainage layer and a prepared substrate.

In split green cutlets

For this method, choose the summer green kidney escape (at least 3-4). Spend the lower cut at an angle of 45 degrees, the upper run exactly 1 cm above the upper kidney. Then cut the cutter into the container with water. When the roots are 3-4 cm long, lower the corperine into the solution. After 2 days, put a seedling in the pot, filled with drainage from pebbles and prepared soil.

Shining kiwi

Breeding kiwi green cuttings

Oculiration

A simple way of vaccinations is an eyepiece in the butt. The procedure can be performed in spring or summer. The main condition is the air temperature above +10 degrees.

Pick up the plant-dive and below the vaccination area (40 cm) delete all the leaves and shoots. Cut fresh shoots with a kidney. On the output at an angle of 45 degrees, take 2 cuts: one length is 6-7 mm, the second is 3 mm above, the second is downward so that it connects to the first. On the cutting cutle, make the same procedure, only the kidney must be in the center of the shield. Now put in a cut on a shield with a kidney and wrap the place of grafting with polyethylene.

Exotic fruits were raised at home, it is now important to know that they always remain fresh.

See useful videos of Kiwi breeding specialist.

Pests and diseases

The most dangerous pests for room actinidia are a web tick, a shield and a whitebird. Three pests feed on plant juice.

Cobed tick

Signs of the appearance of a tick - thin threads on the leaves and stiffs, small white dots on the bottom plate of the leaves. At the initial stage in the struggle with the pest will help on the onion infusion. For cooking, grind the head of the bow, pour 1 l warm water. After 10 hours, straighten through the gauze and spray the plant. If the invasion of insects is massive, treat inta-vir drugs or phytodeterm, and also make the temperature granules before irrigated to the soil.

Shield

Signs of the shields are dark brown seals on the leaves, which are gradually yellow and dry. To combat pest, take a plant with warm water from the spray. Then the leaves wipe with a flushing with an alcoholic solution (70%). After 1-1.5 hours, treat the foam of the household soap. Repeat the procedure every other day, then after 3 days. If the pest attacked all the plant, it must be destroyed.

Bellenka

Bellenka - another unpleasant pest, loves heat and increased humidity. Insects dwell on the lower leaves, forming a thin sticky film. If you shake the actinidia, the whiteflies will rise into the air. At the initial stage, use a folk remedy - garlic infusion. Fill 1 tsp. Grinding garlic liter of water, handle the day. Then spray the plant from the spray gun. In more launched cases, use the Fufanon, Mospilan or Confidor, is enough to have one processing.

Do not like ticks, shield and whitefly in the apartment? Then. The tree is not afraid of pests, but in care it is not welcoming!

Root rot

Among the diseases for kiwi is the dangerous - root rot. The cause of the disease is the mooring of the soil. Signs - the dedication of leaves and the weak development of the plant. It is difficult to deal with the root rot. The best way is to transplant plants with the replacement of the soil. Remove the bush from the pot, rinse the root system with a 1% potassium permanganate solution and remove the discharge parts. Prepare a new substrate, treat it with a fungicidal solution and transfer the plant.

Pests on Kiwi

Lightweight web on the leaves - the result of a paustic tick action

Natalia Paphanova

Natalia Paphanova

Blog author

Ask your question

Beginner lovers have many questions, I will answer the most interesting.

When will kiwi bloom, grown from seeds?

Natalia Paphanova

Grown kiwi from seeds will bloom the first time in 4-5 years. White flowers over time acquire a yellowish shade. On one bush can only be male with stamens or women with stamens and pestles.

Are kiwi fruits grown at home are distinguished to taste?

Natalia Paphanova

Kiwi from seeds do not inherit maternal qualities. The taste of fruits will be different.

Why does the plant dies?

Natalia Paphanova

The plant dies when weaving or drying the soil. Also reasons may be poor lighting, deficiency of mineral substances in the soil and pests.

Photo Gallery of Kiwi Growing

I will summarize

I give some tips on the cultivation of the Chinese gooseberry:

  1. So that Liana does not pull strong up, pinch the top. It stimulates the growth of side shoots and forms a bustard.
  2. If there was a lot of male seedlings, you can instill kidney female plants.
  3. If the leaves are crushed, blush, dry and shuffled or covered with brown spots, adopt the plant with biohumus.
  4. Remember: Kiwi - a downtown plant. If you want to have besides flowering fruits, put in one tank female and male instance.
  5. Be sure to check the plant for fungal manifestations and pests a couple of times a month.

At first glance, grow kiwi from seeds is difficult, but it is not. All that will need - time and desire! The result is beautiful flowering and sour-sweet fruits.

Check yourself: Do you know how to grow kiwi from the bone?

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Professor, Head of the Department of Vegetable

On how to grow kiwi from the seeds at home, sometimes lovers of exoticism sometimes think. However, many people do not suspect that, besides landing in a pot, you can land the plant and in open soil. True, it is practicable only under the condition that a frost-resistant variety of such a fruit will be purchased. Today, the efforts of breeders have created several varieties of Kiwi, which are able to survive the cold to -30 degrees. Of course, they are somewhat inferior in their tassels southern varieties, but to a minor degree. The benefits of their health are no less.

Benefits of growing kiwi

Growing from Kiwi seeds at home or on the plot has several advantages. This allows you to get fresh gentle berries that have not been subjected to any chemical treatments to increase the storage period, and therefore do not harm the body. In addition, the cultivation on its sectinide area of ​​the Chinese delicacy, as Kiwi is called specialists, will allow to get a new interesting gardening experience.

For lovers of house ornamental plants, Kiwi is also of interest, since this tree liana feels well in a pot and can be fruit in such conditions. Externally, the plant looks unusual and attractive and in the presence of a sufficient place in the house will be able to fit well into the interior of the apartment, decorating it with his presence.

Best varieties

I decide to plant such a fruit, you need to choose the most suitable grade for this. Many varieties require that a male and women's plant grown nearby, since the presence of a pollinator is needed to obtain fruits. Few the floor of Liana will turn out on her flowers. The female plant has a pestle flower will be much larger. It is characteristic of all varieties of Kiwi, which can be grown in an apartment or open soil.

  1. Hayward. A cold-resistant variety that feels well in the open ground in the conditions of the Moscow region. To obtain a harvest, the presence of a male and female plant is required, as a variety of non-exchanged. Berries have high product qualities, which makes it particularly popular. The weight of them from 80 g to 150 g. Tasse qualities are high, delicate. The flesh is juicy, gentle and fragrant.
  2. Monty. The variety is experiencing frosts in -30 degrees. The plant is capable of fruit in minor quantities and without pollinator, but with it yield will increase 3-4 times.
  3. Bruno. The cold-resistant variety, carrying a decrease in temperature to -30 degrees. To obtain a crop, it is necessary to have the presence of a female and male liana. One of the most popular industrial varieties, which is characterized by a delicacious taste and a saturated characteristic aroma. In taste there are light notes of pineapple and apple.

When cultivating Kiwi in a pot in his apartment, the indices of winter-hardiness plants are not so important, so you can use seeds taken from the berries purchased in the store and being southern. In the same way, it will be possible to get planting material and for open soil, but only if the cultivation of Liana in southern regions with a soft winter is expected when only light shelter is enough for the plant.

Technology landing

Kiwi growing technology is separately designed for crops that are squeezed in the house and intended for open soil. If at the stage of receiving sprouts from seeds to make errors, then, even if the plants are not perished, they will not be different in quality and, therefore, good yield indicators.

At home

At home, on your windowsill, grow kiwi from seeds can be placed in a pot with a suitable soil. To get seeds, you need to take a ripe fruit and embroider a little meakty out of it. This mass must be washed to separate the seeds from the pulp. Next, they are put on a wet woven disk and, covering the package to create the effect of the greenhouse, put in a warm place. It is important to constantly monitor the humidity, since if the planting material happens, it will not germinate and everyone will have to begin again. When the seedlings appear, the seeds are planted into the ground, which consists of 1 part of the nutrient garden land, 1 parts of the soil for seedlings of universal destination and 1 part of the sand. It is not necessary to plunge very seeds, you can even just leave on the surface of the wet soil. The dishes are covered with polyethylene to create greenhouse conditions.

When the seeds lasted, you can already sit

As soon as germs are shown, polyethylene is cleaned, since excessive humidity for young sprouts is dangerous. It can lead to their death due to the winding. It is important to constantly ensure that the Earth does not save, but not too wet. The length of the daylight for seedlings of Kiwi is of great importance and should be at least 18 hours. It is best to use special phytolambamps that provide optimal light rays for plants, stimulating growth and allowing to prevent the appearance of diseases.

Peer seedlings follow 2 of these leaves. This process for Kiwi passes the same as for any seedlings. Only strong and strong sprouts are selected, and the weak are discarded. When disperse, you need to try not to injure the roots, as they are distinguished by special tenderness and cannot be recovered during damage.

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Stanislav Pavlovich

Gardener with 17 year old experience and our expert

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Important! In the soil in the pots, in which plants are peeed, it is necessary to wash some compost as a fertilizer.

It is impossible to plant small sprouts into large containers, their volume should be increased as Liana groves. If there will be too much empty unused space in the pot, then the soil will begin to cry and bloom, which will eventually lead to the death of kiwi.

When 5-6 leaves appear, you can transplant in open soil.

After the plant seeding, the plants feed once in 14 days throughout the entire period of the growing season, from March to September. The required duration of the daylight is provided by the use of phytolamp even in the summer. If you wish, you can make kiwi from the house to the street. Spray in summer heat needed every day.

Like any liana, Kiwi needs a support. It is needed not only by large plants grown in the open ground, but also growing on the windowsill. For greater decorative, choose better arch arch.

In open soil

It is possible to grow Kiwi in the open bone ground, only if the cold-resistant variety is selected. Initially, it is necessary to obtain CIVI seedlings, and in the ground to plant already intended seedlings. Seedlings are grown similarly to how it is done to obtain Lian, which will be indoor. The exception is only the fact that a week before it is planted at a permanent place, the seedlings begin to order. For this, Kiwi is put on the street at the beginning for 30 minutes and gradually increase the time of stay outdoors until 6-8 hours. Also, if seedlings are not high, you can not organize support for it until it is planted at a permanent place.

Opinion expert

Stanislav Pavlovich

Gardener with 17 year old experience and our expert

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Important! Do not try to form a tree from young Liana, as this contradicts the nature of the plant and will negatively affect it.

It is necessary to plant seedlings in such a place where the plants will be protected from the wind. It is optimally found for Kiwi area near the southern wall of the house, but only that the water does not fall on the roof. On one men's lianana plant up to 5 female. If there are more of them, then the qualitative pollination will not be able to receive and this will negatively affect the yield of culture.

The root system of the plant is superficial, so it does not require deep pits. For large seedlings, it will be enough to dig a hole with a depth of 50 cm. The same should be its width. Optimal for culture are drained nutritious soils. Before planting seedlings, a broken brick for drainage is embanked in the pit, and from above - humus.

When planting plants, it is important to ensure that its root neck is not blunting. It must be at a height of 3 cm above the soil level. If you fall asleep, the plant will perish.

Since Liana is strong and is distinguished by a high growth rate, it is necessary to organize a solid holding to her right away as it will be planted at a permanent place. For this purpose, you can use a grid strained between the colums, wire between supports or ropes. You can also arrange wooden supports as for curly decorative cultures. Since in the regions with a particularly cold climate for the winter of Lian, it will be necessary to strengthen, bending to Earth, it is worth considering the support to be easily free from the weave.

Features of cultivation in different regions of Russia

It is possible to grow in the garden or in the greenhouse Kiwi in different regions of Russia. The ability of a series of varieties to transfer without the shelter of cold to -20 degrees, and under the shelter - up to -30 degrees, it allows you to plant a plant not only in the Krasnodar Territory with its soft, warm climate, but also in the middle lane of Russia, as well as some areas of the Urals and Siberia .

Winter shelting

In the warm climate, Kiwi is in front of the open soil and grown on a strong choplet, with which it is not removed for the winter. At the same time, the collection of fruits continues until the middle of the autumn. Flowering in the south of Liana begins early, and the yield turns out to be significantly higher. At the same time, due to the strong summer heat, it will be necessary to constantly monitor the moisture of the soil, since its drying does not tolerate. Sometimes even spend an evening spraying of culture so that her leaves do not suffer from cutting.

In regions with a temperate climate, such as the middle strip of Russia, Kiwi can also be grown in the open ground. However, this is feasible only under the condition that for the winter, for the wintering culture, a special box-greenhouse is made, which will protect the plant from the cold without removing from the supports. This will make less injury to Lian, for which the violation of its position is stress, and at the same time remove it from the frost. For this, the plant is planted near the wall of the house, to which in the future, the observer box is mounted. Such a landing option allows not only to get healthy fruits, but also to decorate the house, since Kiwi will create a beautiful green wall.

In the northern regions, where strong frosts and cold are marked in winter, they begin to grow kiwi in the country. If desired, it is possible to use the greenhouse. In it, the plant will have time to give the maximum harvest, as the fruits will be matured, even when the temperature drops already begins. In winter, additionally, to save Kiwi, it will be necessary to ensure the shelter of the liana with removing it from the support. Then in the conditions of the greenhouse and with additional protection from the cold, Liana will not die and will be able to give a good harvest next season.

Care rules

It is important not only to properly germinate kiwi from seeds, but also to provide the culture with the necessary care throughout the life of Liana. Errors in it can cause the death even adult plants.

Temperature and lighting

The plant is light-affilome. This applies to both Lianams, which are grown in the apartment and to Garden Kiwi. The more sunny rays they will receive, the better. Creating a special temperature is not required. Under the conditions of the apartment, Lian will be comfortable. When growing winter-hardy grades, it is only necessary to take into account what the cold Liana is able to survive. Drafts will go only to harm, because of which it should be always protected from them.

Humidity and policies

For Liana, high humidity is needed. It should be watering regularly, as soon as the top layer of the soil begins to push. Since the culture is also harmful, as not to add, then it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not shrink from excess water. This may occur if the amount of incoming fluid exceeds the amount consumed by Lian. In the open soil, it is useful for preventing a drying after irrigation to carry out mulching.

Also, cats are very loved by actinidia, so you need to protect bushes.

What feed kiwi

Universal mineral and organic fertilizers intended for fruit plants, or special for actinidia, are used for lianas. You can also apply superphosphate. Fertilization standards should be taken from the instruction that the manufacturer gives a specific composition.

Formation and cropping

Trim Lian, removing damaged and dry shoots, follows at the end of summer or in the fall. In the spring, such works can not be carried out, since they will definitely affect the state of the plant and lead to the fall of its productivity. In parallel with trimming, the formation of Liana is carried out, so that it acquires the right form, and each of her escape has access to the light, getting it in sufficient quantity. Previously, the plant will be 3 years old, it should not be carried out. Cyvi trim diagram is similar to that used for other types of actinidia.

How to care after harvest

Severated with fruits, culture needs special care to recover after fruiting. Liana must be focused by complex fertilizer and pour it with a solution of overworked horse manure prepared at the rate of 1:10. Those fruits that will definitely do not have time to mature, the Liana is cleaned, so that they do not take strength from her. This refers to the plants grown on the street.

Diseases and pests

Kiwi immunity is good for diseases, and with proper care they are not found. From pests, Liana can attack the wave, web tick and shields. When they are detected, the plant must be treated with drugs whose action is directed against the detected malicious insect.

Methods of breeding

Kiwi multiplies quite easily in several ways.

Shining

Kiwi can be multiplied with cuttings, only if they are hardened. To do this, the hard escape with 3 kidneys is cut off by the defects and, after the withstanding in the composition of the stimulator of the root formation, is planted as well as any other stalk.

With summer trimming, you can get green cuttings. They are rooted similarly to unreesive. However, the opportunity to grow new plants from green cuttings below.

Seeds

A simple method for which the cultivation of seedlings from seeds obtained from the affected fetus is required. If Kiwi is ripening already taken from Liana, the quality of the planting material will be low enough. From it will also be able to grow Lian, but many of the sprouts will be too weak. If desired, seeds can be purchased in the store.

Division bush

You can dilute Kiwi division only if Lianana has many young processes. Since the root of the plant is gentle, then this method refers to traumatic and can provoke the death of lianas. It should be resorted to it only as a last resort.

If you wish, you can try to make drags from the bush, rooting the young kiwi shoots, without separating them from the parent plant. When the roots are formed on the shoots pressed against the ground, the spring will be able to separate new kiwi from parental lianas without harm to her and their themselves.

Graft

You can instill kiwi in spring or summer. To do this, it is selected inhibition, which most often serves as an excess men's liana. From it at a distance of 40 cm down from the place of the vaccination, all shoots and leaves are cut and after the kidney is carried out from another plant. When the escape is immediately hidden, it is important that there are already full-fed-developed kidneys. The entire process of vaccination does not differ from how this happens in the case of other plants.

The optimal temperature of the air during the period when vaccine is made, +10 degrees. At this time, the exchange processes in plants go somewhat slowly, and the likelihood that the attached kidney or escape will be rejected, minimizing.

Opinion expert

Stanislav Pavlovich

Gardener with 17 year old experience and our expert

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Important! You can remove the strapping from the place of vaccinations only after it is fully attached.

Difficulties arising from beginner gardeners

Usually, when compliance with growing agricultural equipment, there should be no difficulties in cultivation of Kiwi. However, in some cases, a novice gardener, which has little experience of treatment of plants, problems can appear due to inability to correctly assess the level of humidity of the soil and place for planting culture. Also, sometimes difficulties can also represent the correct organization of shelter for lianas growing in open soil. The lack of crops is usually explained by the fact that, without having due experience, the gardener was not planted next to the female Lian Patcher.

Kiwi is an exotic fruit, which, if desired, get to grow in its site. To do this, it will be necessary only to correctly select a variety capable of growing under conditions of negative temperatures in the winter period. Since this fruit is highly popular, breeders, holding a set of work, were able to create a number of varieties of Northern Kiwi. Southern varieties will be able to successfully grow in their own house as indoor plants.

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Lovers of indoor plants can decorate the windowsill in the house not only with the familiar decorative cultures, but also with a fruitful exotic: citrus, lianami, etc. one of the types of tropical plants, which can be tried to grow on the windowsill, is Kiwi. His second name is a Chinese gooseberry, it is a thermal-loving liana, which can create quite suitable conditions for growth. How to grow kiwi from seed with your own hands?

Content:

Features of growing kiwi

Features of growing kiwi

Kiwi is a downtown plant, so if you want to get fruit, you will need a minimum of two plants - male and female. They will be fron down soon: usually kiwi blooms only for the sixth year after the germination of seeds.

Determine, male is a plant or female, it is possible only after a blooming, so it is desirable to plant a few Lian to achieve an optimal result. As a sowing material, you can take seeds from ordinary mature fruits that are sold today in stores in any city.

For cultivation at home, any varieties are suitable, so the seeds can be taken from "fluffy" and from the "bald" fruits.

Kiwi is one of the distant relatives of grapes, and they are needed about the same conditions: plants require a lot of light and heat, so they are better placed on the windowsill in the southern part of the house or apartment.

The best time for germination of seeds is early spring. It depends on the germination of seeds, so it's better not to delay the landings. In Nature, Kiwi grows in the zone with a long warm summer, and the task of a home gardening is to create for him the most comfortable conditions.

Selection of kiwi seeds at home

Selection of kiwi seeds at home

To obtain the planting material, it is necessary:

  • Take the half of the ripe fetus Kiwi, it needs to be removed from about 20 seeds. They must be fully released from the pulp, otherwise the seeds in the ground can start it.
  • For flushing, seeds are placed in gauze and washed with flowing water. Washer preferably spend several times to remove the flesh as much as possible.
  • Clean seeds are laid out on the saucer and dried for several hours.
  • Next you need to germinate, for this you need to do the following:
  • A robe is placed in the saucer that you need to moisten with hot water, you need to lay out seeds. At the same time, water should not be much, it should only impregnate cotton wool well.

A saucer must be put into the sun room and close the film to create a mini-greenhouse protected from drafts. On the night, the film is removed, and in the morning you need to re-enhable the blade and return the film into place. The first sprouts of Kiwi seeds will give approximately a week.

How so much thin white roots will appear, plants need to transplanted into the ground.

The best soil will be peat, humid, sand and turf in equal proportions. Seeds need to be placed in small individual pots, they are put on the surface of the soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of the Earth. It does not need to be tamped, otherwise the plant will be difficult to break into the surface. Soil must be sprayed every day so that it is constantly moisturized. Additional protection against drying can be ensured by installing a mini-greenhouse from the cropped plastic bottle over the pots.

Kiwi Growing: Basic Rules

Basic Rules

Repeated transplant in larger containers is carried out when several pairs of real leaves appear in the plant, while the soil must contain a smaller number of peat and a larger number of turf. With the cultivation of young plants, it is important to create conditions for them as close as possible to natural, then it will be possible to achieve healthy rapid growth.

Basic requirements for kiwi:

  1. It is impossible to allow the cutting of the earth coma, so it is necessary to ensure uniform irrigation. In order not to damage the plants and ensure constant moisturizing the entire surface of the Earth, it is better to use the sprayer, and not by the usual watering. You can pre-calculate the exact number of the pulverizer pressing, so that the amount of water is the same with each watering.
  2. Kiwi requires a long light day, so the pots need to be located on southern window sills. If natural lighting is not enough day, you can extend with a luminescent lamp. Winter lighting is better to have in the horizontal direction.
  3. Organic compounds are used as feeding: biohumus will need, or compost can be used. Normally, the organic feeding should be carried out once a year if nutritious soil is used for landing. So that the plant constantly obtained nutrients, around the grown sprout you can turn the trench, after which fertilizers are laid. During watering, they will gradually come to the roots, providing healthy growth.
  4. In addition, in the summer, the plant is provided by complex mineral fertilizer: it will take a subcortex approximately once a week or every 10 days.
  5. So that Liana was strong, it is necessary to periodically quench the top: it stimulates the appearance of lateral processes.
  6. Kiwi has wide leaves, so each plant requires a separate pot so that they do not close each other sunlight. Sprouts are pulled pretty quickly, usually re-transplant is carried out within 4 weeks after the appearance of the first leaves.

Important conditions of good harvest

Important conditions of good harvest

Liana needs proper placement. It takes quite a lot of space, so the best place for its cultivation will be insulated balcony. It is necessary to organize a subeau for it, according to which Liana will be able to rise up, it can be done by the frame of the balcony window so that it looks beautiful. The total length of each liana can reach 7 meters.

To obtain fruits, flowers need to be pollinated: in nature, bees and bumblebees are performed, in the greenhouse and room conditions, the owner must take care of pollination.

If it turned out that male plants are too much, you can instill kidney with female to get fruit. To get a good harvest, it will take 1 male plant for 5-6 female, so with the wrong ratio it is better to transplanted "eyes". They are doing well enough, so the method will allow to increase yield.

It is necessary to constantly inspect the leaves to:

  • On time to identify the appearance of fungus and take steps to clean the sheets.
  • Kiwi can be infected with pests from other indoor plants, so the inspections need to be carried out as often as possible, and, if possible, keep plants away from other indoor crops.
  • In the fall, it is advisable to remove old shoots: if the branches of the Liana have already gave fruit, it is better to clean them. This will free up the place for new sprouts, and Liana will not grow: it will make it fruit for many years.

If Kiwi is grown on the veranda or on a non-insulated balcony, in the winter you need to take care of the protection of Lian from the cold. After trimming, the shoots are filmed from the steller, they need to be caught in so that they can calmly survive the cold period. In the spring after waking, they will actively give young sprouts.

Alone to grow kiwi is not as difficult as it may seem. The Chinese gooseberry is not too whimping culture, and suitable conditions for it can be created at home. This will surprise guests with delicious fruits, which for many still remain overseas exotic.

More information about landing saplings Kiwi can be found from the video.

Lovers of indoor plants can decorate a homemade greenhouse on the windowsill not only with decorative flowers, but also exotic fruitful crops. One of the original tropical plants that can easily be adapted to a new place is Kiwi.

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

Conditions for good growth in this unusual thermal-loving Liana create enough.

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

Selection of kiwi seeds at home

1. The fruit from which you will produce seeds should be ripe, soft, smooth and healthy. Wash it and divide into several parts. Dindle the flesh and place the fruit cleaner into a glass with warm water. Mix thoroughly and leave for a while. 2. After the mixture is dismissed, the flesh will plunge on the bottom, and the seeds will come to the surface. Carefully collect them, put in the gauze and rinse the water several times. Put seeds on a clean napkin and leave for a couple of hours until complete drying.

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

3. Now you need to stretch seeds. Put a piece of fabric or wool in a saucer and add hot water. Just do not pour too much, the moisture should only impregnate the material. Put the seeds from above.

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

4. Now cover the saucer and put on a sunny place. It turned out a peculiar little greenhouse, closed from drafts. At night, the film is desirable to shoot. Make sure that the wout or fabric is always wet. The first sprouts will appear in about a week.

Disembarking roskov kiwi in soil

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

1. On the bottom of the flower pot, put a little clay. Add specially prepared primer from above. It is best to use the soil for tropical lian. Do not forget to pre-moisten it.

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

2. Do small wells in the ground with a depth of 10 mm in the soil, in each place 2-3 seeds. Plush their land and spray from the sprayer. 3. Cover the potted pot and put in the sun. The first shoots should appear about five days.

Plant care subtleties

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

In the winter season, the growth of escape will not be very intense. At this time, it is enough to water it 2-3 times a month. The growing season occurs in spring and summer, then the plant more needs moisture. Water it 2 times a week.

How to grow kiwi from a small seed: Rules of growing tropical fruit at home

Put pots with a plant on the southern windowsill, Kiwi loves a lot of sun and needs a long lighting day. And yet this wonderful liana is quite unpretentious and well develops at home. Improve yourself and your loved ones with an exotic fruit hand-grown crop.

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